15 terms

TAM Vocab

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acquit
declare a person on trial not guilty as a result of a unanimous jury vote
alibi
an excuse, real or fictional, that a person could not have committed a crime
alleged
a person maintained by police to have committed a crime, but not yet declared guilty by a jury; alleged criminals are legally innocent until proven guilty
convict
declare a person guilty of a crime as a result of a unanimous jury vote
deliberate
to consider carefully by listening to, and arguing with, others' points of view
evidence
that which helps to prove or disprove a claim
hung jury
if a jury is unable to reach a unanimous verdict, a hung jury is declared, and the jury selection process begins all over again
innocent until proven guilty
all American citizens are innocent until proven guilty; the prosecution (team fighting to convict the plaintiff) bears the "burden of proof" that the defendant is guilty
juror
one of the twelve members of a jury; peers of the person on trial
motive
the likely reason a defendant might have committed a crime
premeditated
determined or decided in advance
reasonable doubt
uncertainty as to a criminal defendant's guilt; the level of certainty a juror must have to find a defendant guilty of a crime
suspect
a person believed likely (by police) to have participated in a crime
testimony
the evidence a witness provides in court
verdict
the decision reached by a jury: guilty or not guilty
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