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Real Government Chapter 12 The Presidency
Terms in this set (61)
Even when Congress puts all of its persuasive powers to work in achieving a legislative agenda, the president still retains the ultimate lawmaking authority.
If the president refuses to sign a bill and Congress adjourns within ten working days after the bill has been submitted to the president, the bill is killed for that session of Congress. This is called a line-item veto.
The National Security Council is the president's link to his or her key foreign and military advisers.
A presidential veto restores a person to the full rights and privileges of citizenship.
Only the president has the power to pass legislation and appropriate budgetary money.
Traditionally, the cabinet has consisted of the heads of the executive departments and other officers whom the president may choose to appoint.
The__________to the U.S. Constitution states that when the president believes that he or she is incapable of performing the duties of the office, he or she must inform Congress in writing of this fact.
A deadly flood in the district of Estrye in Selvedia has caused massive destruction. Thousands of people have lost their lives. The president of Selvedia has declared a national emergency and ordered rescue operations to help survivors. If such a situation were to arise in the United States, the president would be performing the role of _____.
The president of a country releases a former colleague from criminal punishment. The colleague had been charged with treason. Which of the following presidential powers is illustrated in this scenario?
The power to grant pardons
Article II of the Constitution states that the executive power shall be vested in the__________.
President of the United States
The president of the United States is invited to the NBA (National Basketball Association) opening ceremony to shoot the first ball into the basket and declare the basketball season open. In this scenario, the president will be fulfilling the role of _____.
head of state
As chief executive, the president of the United States has the power to:
grant reprieves, pardons, and amnesties.
Identify a true statement about the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
The OMB assists the president in preparing the proposed annual budget.
The War Powers Resolution of 1973 requires the president to:
notify Congress within forty-eight hours of deploying troops.
In addition to the powers explicitly granted by the Constitution, the president also has _____ that are necessary to carry out the specific responsibilities of the president as set forth in the Constitution.
Martha Jenkins publicly endorsed James Farrell in his presidential campaign. After winning the presidential election, Farrell appointed Jenkins as the Secretary of Commerce to reward her for her support. In this scenario, Farrell indulged in the practice of _____.
Identify a true statement about the formal cabinet of the United States.
The president selects the members of the cabinet.
According to Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution, to become the president of the United States, a person must:
have been a resident of the United States for a minimum of fourteen years.
The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty aimed at prohibiting:
the testing of nuclear weapons.
In the context of American political history, which of the following statements is true of the religion of presidential candidates?
In 1960, Democrat John F. Kennedy was elected as the first Catholic president.
The press secretary of the White House Office__________.
holds news conferences for reporters
As chief diplomat of the United States, the president:
negotiates and signs treaties with other nations, with Senate approval.
Which of the following statements is true of a treaty?
The president has the sole power to negotiate and sign a treaty with another country.
Identify a true statement about the White House Office.
The White House staff screens the questions, issues, and problems that people present to the president.
Identify a true statement about the ratification of a treaty.
A treaty becomes law when it is approved by the Senate and signed by the president.
President Sanders receives information about the operations of a global terrorist organization. He orders an investigation of the whereabouts of the terrorists and their plan of action. He decides to withhold this information from Congress to ensure that there is no interference or compromise in national security. By withholding information from Congress, President Sanders is exerting his _____.
_____ is the personal office of the president of the United States.
A) The White House Office
Which of the following is a difference between a treaty and an executive agreement?
Unlike a treaty, an executive agreement does not require Senate approval.
Which of the following is a similarity between a treaty and an executive agreement?
Both have the same legal status.
The state of Zeslea in Athnerla is hit by an earthquake of magnitude 6.8. Houses are destroyed, lives are lost, and all communication links are disrupted. If such a national crisis were to occur in the United States, the _____ will have the power to make decisions and present the state's plight to other nations.
Which of the following is a duty of the president of the United States as political party leader?
Choosing the vice president from his or her party
In the context of presidential age, which of the following statements is true?
The average age at the presidential inauguration has been fifty-five.
Which of the following duties is performed by the president as the nation's chief diplomat?
Recognizing and interacting with foreign governments
Which of the following statements is true of an executive order?
It has the force of law.
The youngest person elected president was _____, who assumed the presidency at the age of forty-three.
John F. Kennedy
Critics of the Obama administration believe that the czar system:
results in the loss of leverage of Congress.
The president's power to grant a pardon serves as a check on _____.
Which of the following amendments addresses the question of how the president should fill a vacant vice presidency?
The Twenty-fifth Amendment
A pocket veto results if:
the president refuses to sign a bill and Congress adjourns within ten working days after the bill has been submitted to the president.
Which of the following statements is true of the president's veto power?
Congress can override a presidential veto with a two-thirds vote by the members present in each chamber.
Identify a true statement about the president's power to influence the country's economy.
Each year, the president sends Congress a suggested budget about the amounts of money the government will need for its programs.
Identify a perk associated with the presidency of the United States.
The president enjoys the use of the White House.
Of all of the executive staff agencies, the__________has the most direct contact with the president.
White House Office
As _____, the president of the United States can veto a bill passed by Congress and can call special sessions of Congr
The War Powers Resolution of 1973 is intended to check the president's power to__________.
involve the nation in a war without the consent of Congress
Elected officials often indulge in the practice of patronage because they:
are beholden to the party members who put them in office.
Which of the following statements is true of executive privilege?
It gives the president the power to refuse to appear before the courts.
In the context of the American system of government, which of the following statements is true of the president and members of Congress?
Both face different election cycles.
As _____, the president of the United States enforces laws and federal court decisions, along with treaties approved by the United States.
Which of the following statements is true of the constitutional provisions of war powers in the United States?
Congress has the power to raise and maintain the country's armed forces.
President Cooper is a strong advocate of free higher education for all. In an attempt to gain favor from the masses for his legislative agenda, he has been appearing on several news channels to talk about the importance of higher education in the country. He even appeared on an episode of "Child Speak," an educational television show for children, to express his vision. From President Cooper's actions, it is evident that he is employing a strategy known as:
The U.S. president travels at all times with a briefcase called the "football." Which of the following best describes the contents of the "football"?
The codes used to launch a nuclear attack
Identify a true statement about a pardon.
It is not applicable to cases of impeachment.
Which of the following duties is performed by the president of the United States as head of state?
Decorating war heroes
Which of the following statements is true of presidential succession in the United States?
The vice president is in a position to become the nation's chief executive should the president die, be impeached and convicted, or resign the presidential office.
The ability to _____ gives Congress an advantage over the president.
regulate foreign and interstate commerce
To be eligible to the office of president, a person must have been a resident within the United States for a minimum of _____ years.
The refusal by an official, such as the president of the United States or a state governor, to sign a bill into law is known as a _____.
The president has the advantage over Congress in:
influencing public opinion.
The president of Preotho signs an agreement with the president of Qaplary. The agreement provides that Preotho will help Qaplary in building its infrastructure in exchange for a permit to conduct oil drilling operations off the coast of Qaplary. This agreement is an example of a(n) _____.
Which of the following statements is true of executive agreements?
They enhance presidential power in foreign affairs.
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