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Hum Final 2

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Kent State Massacre
1970 4 students shot and killed by national guard after protesting against Nixon decision to sent troops into Cambodia and Laos during Vietnam War. Inspired the Song "Ohio" by Niel Young
Woodstock 1969
symbolized all that was right and good about the hippie movement. "3 days of peace and music"
450k
attendance at Woodstock
LSD
outlawed in 1966
Tim Leary University
Castalia Institute in Millbrook, NY
Civil Rights Movement
catalyst #1 for social protest
3 peaceful groups
NAACP, CORE, SCLC
3 non-peaceful groups
Black panthers, Nation of Islam, Black Nationalist Movement
CORE
Congress of Racial Equality
Eldridge Cleaver
Soul on Ice
Stokely Carmichael
Black Power
Malcom X
Organization of Afro-American Unity
Vietnam War
Catalyst #2 for Social Protest
Joseph Heller
Catch 22- best embodied the anti-war sentiments of the Counter Culture
SDS
become more active because of Vietnam 1968
1969
500k troops in Vietnam
Rock music
most important medium for defining the hippie ideas
Bob Dylan
not apart of the psychedelic bandwagon, wrote politically charged songs
First psychedelic Bands
Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, Janis Joplin
Bettie Frieden
The Feminine Mystique-broke 1950s womens stereo-types, first president of NOW
NOW
national organization for women
Social Changes
Race equality, widespread use of illicit drugs
Psychedelic
swirling colors and imagery
Flower Power
creativeness of the youths of the new generation
4 radical groups
Black Panthers, Students for a Democratic Society, Weathermen, Yippies
Black Panthers
founded in 1966 in Oakland by Huey Newton
SDS
at the end became more concerned with ending US involvement in the Vietnam War
Weathermen
splintered from SDS believed in violent acts of terror to achieve goals
Yippies
Youth International Party, used media attention to promote their causes, most successful at the 1968 Democratic Convention
Yippies Leaders
Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman
John Roberts Joel Roseman
financed Woodstock
hippie
comes from black hipsters that used to call white hipsters hippies. negative connotation