How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

38 terms

EMT- Ch 19 Toxicology (AAOS)

Toxicology
STUDY
PLAY
opioids
medicines with actions similar to morphine
toxicology
the study of toxic or poisonous substances
poison
any substance whose chemical action can damage body structures or impair body function
opioid
signs/symptoms: hypoventilation, pinpoint pupils, sedation, hypotension
sympathomimetics (epinephrine, albuterol, cocaine, methamphetamine)
signs/symptoms: hypertension, tachycardia, dilated pupils, agitation, hyperthermia
anticholinergics (atropine, Jimson weed)
signs/symptoms: tachycardia, hyperthermia, hypertension, dilated pupils, dry skin, sedation, agitation, decreased bowel sounds
cholinergics (pilocarpine, nerve gas)
signs/symptoms: excess defecation or urination, muscle fasciculation, pinpoint pupils, excess salivation, airway compromise, nausea, vomiting
inhalation, ingestion, injection, absorption
4 avenues for a poison to enter the body
flood skin with water to dilute
how to treat a poison that has been been in direct contact with patients skin
administer oxygen to
possible way to treat patient who has inhaled a poison
activated charcoal
possible way to treat a patient who has ingested a poison
25 to 50 grams
adult dose of activated charcoal
acids, alkalis, or petroleum products
toxins that are contraindication for activated charcoal
12.5 to 25 grams
pediatric dose of activated charcoal
sedative
this is a substance that decreases activity and excitement
hypnotic
this is a substance taht enduces sleep
vomiting
emesis means what
blood coming from mouth
hematemesis
delirium tremens (DTs)
withdrawal that may have hallucination, restlessness, fever, seating, disorientation, agitation, and seizures
opioids
CNS depressants that can cause severe respiratory depression
opioids
signs/symptoms: drug that causes respiratory depression, including a decreased volume of inspired air and decreased respirations; nausea, vomiting, pinpoint pupils
naloxone (Narcan)
antidote to reverse opioid overdose
sedative-hypnotic drugs
these drugs are CNS depressants and they alter the level of consciousness and present respiratory depression
abused inhalants
favorite for kids; effective and lethal dose are close; patient's own adrenaline can put them in to cardiac arrest
sympathomimetics
drugs that mimic the effects of the sympathetic nervous system; hypertension, tachycardia, and dilated pupils
hallucinogens
this drug alters a persons sensory perceptions; presents with severe behavioral changes
anticholinergic agents
these drugs affect the parasympathetic nerves; agitated, tachycardic, dilated pupils
cholinergic agents
these agents overstimulate normal body function controlled by the parasympathetic system resulting in salivation, mucous secretion, urination, crying and abnormal heart rate
50g/adult; 25g/child
usual dose of activated charcoal for adult and child
1-2g/kg
range of activated charcoal for an adult
substance abuse
this is the misuse of any substance to produce a desired effect
InstaChar, LiquiChar, Actidose
trade names for activated charcoal
15 sec
max time to suction and airway
how much?
patients weight?
during a poison call the hospital wants to know what
what was it?
during a poison call poison control wants to know what
tolerance
term for needing more to have the same effect
staphylococcus
bacteria that grows on food to produce food poisoning
salmonella
this organism produces the direct effects of food poisoning