links, or joins, the subject of
a sentence (often a noun or pronoun) with a word or expression that identifies or describes the subject.
The most common linking verb is be in all its forms, including am, is, are, was, were, will be, has been, and was being.
Other verbs that can function as linking verbs are look, grow, feel, remain, appear, seem, sound, become, taste, stay, and smell. Mnemonic (acrostic): BF BLASTS GR(A)SS
These verbs can also be used as action verbs. To determine whether a verb is used as an
action or a linking verb, substitute seem for
the verb. If seem can be substituted, the verb is probably a linking verb.
LINKING: The crowd stayed calm.
(Seemed makes sense.)
ACTION: The crowd stayed on the street.
(Seemed cannot be substituted.)
is a word that modifies a noun or pronoun by limiting its meaning.
old horse, leisurely stroll,
second class, tragic play,
federal law, some money,
this aim, those coats,
Possessive pronouns and nouns are considered adjectives because they modify nouns.
our teacher, their music
Most adjectives have different forms to indicate
their degree of comparison.
Positive = good, comparative = better, superlative = best
Articles are the adjectives a, *an*, and *the*. *A* and an are ctheles are the adjectives *a*, *an*, and *the*. A and an are called indefinite articles. The is called a definite article.
commonly abbreviated tam and also called tense-modality-aspect or tma, is the grammatical system of a language that covers the expression of tense (location in time), aspect (fabric of time - a single block of time, continuous flow of time, or repetitive occurrence), and mood or modality (degree of necessity, obligation, probability, ability). In some languages, evidentiality (whether evidence exists for the statement, and if so what kind) and mirativity (surprise) may also be included. a verb used in forming the tenses, moods, and voices of other verbs. The primary auxiliary verbs in English are be, do, and have ; the modal auxiliaries are can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would.