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English 10 Provincial Exam Terms
Terms in this set (95)
paragraph that tells a story by presenting events in chronological order
Describes a person, place, or object. Sensory details create a main impression or mood
Explains an idea or teaches a process
To find similarities between things
To find differences between things; often the best way to find meaning in a work of literature is to study forces, ideas, characters, symbols, etc. that are in opposition to each other
An essay that tells the writer's personal opinion, beliefs, or ideas about a subject. Usually informal.
presents or explains information or ideas in a formal format
work of nonfiction in which a writer tries to convince you to accept a certain idea or view or to act a certain way
formal essay used to analyze a piece of literature
The first paragraph of paper; introduces the topic and contains the thesis and the blueprint
the "meat" of the essay, where most of the information is provided and thesis is developed
end of the essay; wraps up arguement, or ties the content of the essay together
the main idea of the essay that the author is presenting
words, phrases and sentences that allow the reader to slide smoothly from one idea or paragraph to the next
the individual manner in which an author expresses his/her thoughts and feelings; comprised of such elements as diction, syntax, sentence structures, etc.
a writer's or speaker's choice of words
a technique that an author or speaker uses to convey to the listener or reader a meaning with the goal of persuading him or her towards considering a topic from a different perspective
the writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject of a story, toward a character, or toward the audience (the readers).
The fluency, rhythm and liveliness in writing that makes it unique to the writer
words or expressions developed for use within a specific group or profession, eg. wine critics, techies, gamers, etc.
informal language of conversation; slang
an account of a person's life written by that person
an account of a person's life written by someone else
the repetition of initial sounds in a line of poetry or prose
a reference to literature, the Bible, history, mythology or popular culture that the writer hopes the reader will recognize
the force that opposes the protagonist/main character
a line spoken by an actor to the audience or selected character but not intended for others on the stage
the emotional setting, or mood, of a work of fiction
the intended recipient of the work
a fairly short narrative poem written in a songlike stanza form
a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation
unrhymed iambic pentameter; lines are 10 syllables long
an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story)
(Time Order) Events are arranged in the order in which they happened
a worn-out idea or overused expression
the most exciting point in a story; the decisive moment in a novel or play
light and humorous drama with a happy ending, a play, movie, or story of light and humorous character with a happy or cheerful ending;
the feelings or emotions surrounding a word; eg. "home" has a different emotional meaning than "house"
the literal or dictionary meaning of a word
the picturing in words of something or someone through detailed observation of color, motion, sound, taste, smell, and touch; one of the four modes of discourse
the words spoken between characters in a work of fiction
when the writer tells the readers directly what kind of personality a character has
a composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving conflict or contrast of character, esp. one intended to be acted on the stage; a play.
the character changes as a result of the action in the story
events after the climax, leading to the resolution
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid. Employs such figurative devices as simile, metaphor, hyperbole, etc.
First Person Point of View
the narrator is a character in the story who tells the story from the "I" point of view
a transition to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story
a character who is not very well developed; has few identifiable characteristics
a character whose personality and attitude contrast sharply with those of another
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
a kind of literary or artistic work, A type of literary work, such as a novel or poem; there are also subgenres, such as science fiction or sonnet, within the larger genres
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience
the personality of a character is revealed by what he/she does or says, the writer presents the character in action, allowing the reader to draw his or her own conclusions about the personality of that character.
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens
Limited Omniscient Point of View
The author tells the story, using the third person, but is limited to a complete knowledge of one character in the story and tells us only what that one character thinks, feels, sees, or hears.
A type of poetry that explores the poet's personal interpretation of and feelings about the world
a comparison of two things without using like or as
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
giving an account describing incidents or a course of events
the telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
the person who tells a story
Objective Point of View
a "movie camera" point of view where the audience does not see the thought or feelings of any character
Omniscient Point of View
an all knowing narrator tells the story. This narrator, instead of focusing on one character only, often tells us about what many characters are thinking.
using words that imitate the sound they denote, eg. screech, howl, etc.
a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms that, taken together, suggest a truth
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
the sequence of events in a story, usually linked by a causal relationship
Point of View
the perspective from which a story is told
information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
the principal character in a work of fiction
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem; the repetition of one or more phrases or lines at definite intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza
the final unraveling or solution of the plot; synonymous with denouement
be similar in sound, especially with respect to the last syllable; the similarity or likeness of sound in two or more words
the pattern by which words rhyme in poetry, The pattern or sequence in which end rhyme occurs throughout a poem. The first end sound is represented with an "a," the second end sound is represented with a "b," and so on.
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
A character who has more dimensions to his/her personality; he/she is complex and multi-faceted, like a real person
witty language used to convey insults or scorn; saying something while meaning the opposite.
the use of humor to emphasize human weaknesses or imperfections, often through exaggeration, caricature, or irony.
where and when the story takes place
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
a 14 line lyric poem with a fixed rhyme scheme
the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator; similar to "persona". Not necessarily the author.
an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem.
a character that stays the same throughout the story; does not go through any significant or permanent change.
a character formed by building off of a common stereotype, a character who thinks or acts according to a certain pattern based on presuppositions about race, social group, or gender: a "nerd" or a "jock" are examples
apprehension or anxiety about what is going to happen next in the story
something that stands for itself at a literal level but which also suggests something (or several things) at the same time; frequently a concrete object or animal that represents a quality or abstract idea
the main or central idea of the story or piece of writing
a dramatic composition, often in verse, dealing with a serious or somber theme, typically that of a great person destined through a flaw of character or conflict with some overpowering force, as fate or society, to downfall or destruction.
the deliberate representation of something as lesser in magnitude than it actually is; the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
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