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Communications 12 Provincial Exam Terms
Communications 12 Students Know these terms before you do your provincial exam! Based on the Communications 12 Terms and Devices study guide from the British Columbia Ministry of Education
Terms in this set (85)
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
the character that the main character (protagonist) struggles against.
one's listener or readership; those to whom a speech or piece of writing is addressed
a preference that prevents one from being impartial; prejudice
those who carry out the action of the plot in literature. Major, minor, static, and dynamic are the types.
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot)
showing the differences between two or more ideas, stories, characters, things, etc.
a literary composition in the form of a conversation between two people
dynamic character / developing character
A character who is modified by actions and experiences; we see how the character is affected by his/her experiences
Special importance, value, or prominence given to something.
Writing that provides an explanation of facts and concepts. Its main purpose is to inform, persuade, or explain
a brief story that leads to a moral, often using animals as characters
a story that concerns an unreal world or contains unreal characters; a fantasy may be merely whimsical, or it may present a serious point
Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, [examples are metaphor, simile, and personification.
a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story
a character who embodies a single quality and who does not develop in the course of a story, this character seems to possess only one or two personality traits - little or no background is revealed
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
the standard language of written communication, formal speeches, and presentations; may not use contractions or slang
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
image / imagery
An image is a word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses. Imagery is the writer's use of words to re-create sensory experiences.
the language of everyday speech, may use contractions and slang
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
a narrative handed down from the past, containing historical elements and usually supernatural elements
A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.
This is the central and most important idea of what you are ready and/or viewing.
a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as
method of development / presentation
cause & effect, chronological order, comparison and contrast, expert opinion, pro and con argument, question and answer, statistical evidence, step-by-step process)
cause and effect
The reason something happens and the result of it happening. I threw a ball (cause) and it hit my friend in the face (effect). Because I littered (cause) I was fined (effect)
(Time Order) Events are arranged in the order in which they happened
comparison and contrast
A method of informing that explains something by focusing on how it is similar and different from other things
comparison = similar
contrast = different
statement of belief about a subject by a knowledgeable person recognized as an authority on the subject
pro and con argument
an argument that features positive and negative points on a certain topic
question and answer
organizational structure of text where a question is posed or asked and then answered
the use of factual numbers (evidence) to support an argument
step by step process
Explaining the steps and processes. Like a recipe.
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
words that sound like what they mean
parallelism / parallel structure
a grammatical structure that repeats itself throught a sentence, paragraph, etc.
the act of attributing human characteristics to items or abstract ideas
the story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc.
point of view
first person, limited omniscient, objective, omniscient, second person, third person. The perspective from which a story is told
told from the narrator's point of view, using "I"
narrator focuses on the view of only one character, usually the protagonist, can reveal the inner thoughts and feelings of this one character but presents the other characters from the outside only.
not influenced by personal opinion, just the facts
Can also be the goal of the author.
knowing everything; having unlimited awareness or understanding.
the main character
story told from the "he, she, they" point of view. Narrator is outside the story.
The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said, using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.
a humorous play on words
one's intention or objective in a speech or piece of writing
the repeated use of the same word or word pattern
The systematic study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
be similar in sound, especially with respect to the last syllable
A character who demonstrates some complexity and who develops or changes in the course of a work
made up of two or more sentences that are incorrectly run together as a single sentence
witty language used to convey insults or scorn
Persuading with scientific language such as graphs, diagrams, charts, statistics, and "jargon".
an incomplete sentence missing a subject or verb or complete thought
..., The time, place, and environment in which a story takes place
a comparison that uses "like" or "as"
He was as dirty as a pig. She left devastation around her like a tornado.
the voice that communicates with the reader of the poem or play; the voice that talks to the audience
This is the version of the English language that is regarded as the model for North American writers and speakers.
a character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end
an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem. (like a paragraph in prose)
a generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people
a familiar character identified by an oversimplified pattern of behavior that typically labels the character as being part of a group of people
quality of a short story, novel, play, or narrative poem that makes the reader or audience uncertain or tense about the outcome of events
anything that stands for or represents something else
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
The special vocabulary of a trade or profession
The main idea or meaning of a text. Often, this is an insight about human life revealed in a literary work
The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.
A prose narrative too brief to be published in a separate volume-as novellas and novels frequently are. A short story.
long works of fiction
a literary work written for a performance on stage
essays (formal or informal style)
informal: like a narrative essay
advertisements, charts, graphs, tables, webpages
diaries,journals, letters, magazine articles, newspaper columns
To make an overstatement or to stretch the truth.
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