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English 12 Provincial Exam Terms
Provincial terms for English 12 students
Terms in this set (78)
A sentence is written in the active voice when the subject acts upon the verb or performs the action
A form of writing that uses fictional characters and events to symbolically represent a deeper meaning
The repetition of similar sounds or letters at the beginning of words in a line of poetry
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
A comparison of ideas or objects that are essentially different but are alike in one significant way
The character who works against the protagonist in the story
A form of evidence that is often informal and takes the form of hearsay of true stories to prove a point.
An outcome to a situation that by contrast to what was anticipated, is disappointing or even ludicrous. Sometimes the result can be humorous.
The placing of contrasting elements side by side in parallel structures.
A figure of speech in which the speaker addresses an inanimate object as if it were alive or an absent or dead person as if he or she is alive.
Words or language structures that have become outdated and no longer used in common speech
A type of essay that asserts that a particular theory, opinion, or hypothesis is correct or more truthful that other perspectives
The general feeling of a piece of writing. This can also be referred to as the tone or mood. Often emotion words are used to describe atmosphere
An account of someone's life written by that person.
a song or a poem that is a narrative or tells a story
An account of a person's life written by another person.
A form of poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter: ever line of the poem has 10 syllables and those have a sing-song up and down sound to them. Most of Shakespeare's plays are written in blank verse.
Harsh, unpleasant, discordant sounds.
A depiction or representation of a person that is exaggerated for a comic effect
A form of research that examines a single event or instance in depth as opposed to a larger group study.
In a drama, particularly tragedy, the concluding action following the climax that contains the resolution of the plot.
A method of organizing information that presents that least important information first and builds to present the most important information last.
a worn-out idea or overused expression
A comic episode or element inserted in an otherwise serious or tragic play to provide some relief from the heavy mood.
Conflict ( internal, external)
Occurs when the protagonist is opposed by some person or force in a story. The conflict might be external, characters vs. character, or character vs. nature, or internal, character vs. self; the conflict can be internal, or external, or both.
The repetition of consonant sounds near to each other in a line of poetry.
The emotional meaning associated with a word. For example, a person who is slightly underweight might be described as slightly or scrawny.
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
the final resolution of the main complication of a literary or dramatic work
a variety of speech characterized by its own particular grammar or pronunciation, often associated with a particular geographical region
Choice or use of words in speech or writing.
A piece of writing that is designed to be morally instructive or teach a lesson
a situation in which a choice must be made between two equally unfavourable options
In poetry, a combination of sounds that is unpleasant to hear.
In drama a dialogue form that is more than conversational: it advances the plot and/ or develops character.
A medium or a way of expressing dramatic meaning
A character who learns something or whose personality changes through the course of a story.
The first section of the plot
An article that gives opinions or perspectives on a topic
A poem that is mournful or expresses sorrow, often a lament for the dead
A long, narrative poem typically on a serious topic recounted in an elevated style
A sudden understanding of the essential nature or meaning of something, often associated with the divine.
A short saying or poem that is witty and often paradoxical.
An inscription on a monument or tombstone about the person buried there.
A mild or inoffensive expression use in place of one that is harsh or offensive.
pleasing or harmonious quality of sounds, especially words.
Non-fiction writing that contains a main idea and one or more paragraphs ( often an essay). Another word for expository is explanatory; the writer of an expository essay tries to explain something.
A form of fiction, usually drama, where humour is achieved through the creation of exaggerated or far-fetched situation or characters.
A way of saying one thing and meaning something else.
A simple or one-sided in a story; one who does not change or develop.
A Character who is used to contrast with another character
Can indicate literary type, short story, sonnet, ode, or can indicate patterns of metre, rhyme
A style of essay writing that tends to be impersonal, systematic, and expository, and often has a serious tone.
Language that is elevated or uses a high level of diction - commonly used in essays, lectures, and traditional poetry.
A kind of poem that has no clear rhyme or pattern. Free verse poetry is intended to imitate the spoken word.
Deliberate exaggeration for emphasis
Poetic rhythm consisting of lines of five iambic feet (five pairs of stressed and unstressed syllables).
THe language or way of speaking that is typical of a particular group of people or region; a manner of speaking that is natural to native speakers of language
The internal thoughts or conversation of a character in a work of fiction to which only the reader or audience has access
Rhyme the occurs within a line of poetry rather that at the end of a line
The placement of two dissimilar things side by side to create a particular effect.
Words or language that takes its meaning from the dictionary definitions, without any deeper or symbolic meaning
A type of figurative language where the writer compares two essentially unlike things; a metaphor is direct comparison
The rhythm of a line of poetry created by the regular repetition of similar accent patterns, or feet. The grocery store is miles away. I don't suppose we'll go today
A figure of speech based on the association of ideas. It compares two things or ideas that are closely associated that one immediately suggest the other
Objective ( language or tone)
Language or tones that are neutral and without subjectivity or bias
A sentence is written in the passive voice when the subject receives the action or is acted upon
A type of literary work that idealizes country life.
A quality in writing that evokes pity or compassion on the reader.
A short statement or saying that offers a general truth or piece of advice.
is the line or lines that are repeated in poetry or music.
A way of writing to make fun of a person or topic or human quality by making it appear ridiculous. This often involves that use of irony or sarcasm
Stream of consciousness
a literary genre that reveals a character's thoughts and feeling as they develop by means of a long soliloquy
a character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end
Subjective ( language, tone)
A style of writing that reveals opinions, thoughts, and feeling of the speaker rather than presenting objective evidence or fact.
A figure of speech based on the association of ideas where a part stands in or represents a whole.
A story or play in which the main character is brought to death or suffers extreme sorrow, especially as a result of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or an inability to manage bad circumstances