NASM- STUDY STUDY STUDY
Terms in this set (40)
Bicep Curl, Calf Raise, Vertical Jumping
Movements in the Sagittal plane
Side lateral raise, side shuffle, and side lateral raises
Movements in the Frontal plane
Trunk rotation, throwing, swinging a bat
Movement in the Transverse plane
Length Tension Relationship
the resting length of a muscle and the tension the muscle can produce at the resting length
Explain length Tension relationship in your own words
Actin and myosin act together to create force, if the muscle is stretched too far or too little then there isn't a good production of force for that muscle because the actin and myosin can't work optimally together
force velocity curve - explain
it's the relationship between the muscle's ability to produce tension at different shortening velocities. as a muscle becomes more concentric velocity decreases opposite for eccentric motion
force Couple relationship
Muscle group moving together to produce movement around a joint
Explain force couple relationship in your own words
muscles produce force that is transmitted to the bones and cause joints to move and muscles usually work together in groups. because muscles connect to bones in various locations this causes different forces on the joint
Trunk Rotation causes by what muscles
internal and external oblique cause what movement?
Upward rotation of the scapula is cause by what muscle
upper trapezius and the lower portion of the serrates anterior cause what movement
produce hip and knee extension during walking, running, and stair climbing
Gluteus maximus, quadriceps, and calf raises cause what movement
Joint motion uses the principle of
what is a lever?
consists of rigid "bar" that pivots around a stationary fulcrum (pivot point)
How many classes of levers?
three - dependent on their relationship among the fulcrum, the effort, and the resistance
fulcrum (pivot point) is in the middle - seesaw (nodding)
resistance in the middle with the fulcrum and effort on either side - loaded wheelbarrow. - full body push up or calf raise
Third Class lever
resistance placed between the resistance and the fulcrum - effort travels a short distance and must be greater than the resistance. - bicep curl
most limbs of the body work on with lever for joint motion
a closed circuit of hallow tubes that allow blood to be transported to and from the heart.
Types of blood vessels
carry blood away from the heart
site of exchange of water and chemicals between the blood and the tissues
carry blood back to the heart
largest artery in the body
branches of the aorta include
medium size arteries which branch into smaller arteries called ARTERIOLES and eventually into every smaller arteries called CAPILLARIES
vessels that collect blood from the capillaries
what to venues eventually form?
Peak VO2 method
the traditional method of measuring cardiorespiratory fitness
What is VO2 max?
the maximum amount of oxygen that an individual can use during intense exercise
VO2 Reserve Method
a preferred method the can be used to establish exercise training intensity
VO2 R equation
calculate the VO2maz and then subtract it from the VO2rest times the exercise intensity all added at the end to the VO2 rest
Peak Metabolic equivalent (MET) Method is EQUAL TO?
3.5mL O2 x kg-1 x min-1
3.5mL O2 x kg-1 x min-1 (MET method) is equal to
the average resting metabolic rate (RMR)
MET is used for what?
used to describe the energy cost of physical activity as multiples of resting metabolic rate - rate of MET 4 (jogging) = 4 times the energy it would cost to just not exercise
Peak Maximal heart rate (MHR) Method - formula
HRmax = 220-age
HR Reserve (HRR) Method - also called?
HHR Method equation
THR = [(HRmax - HRrest) x desired intensity] + HR rest
Rate of perceived exertion
RPE - how hard does the client think he's working 0 range from 6-20borg scale
talk test method
hard difficult or easy is it for them to talk?
The 4 P's
Place (distribution) - how it will reach people
Promotion - how will you promote it