Praxis-terms and authors
Terms in this set (70)
A form of verse, often a narrative set to music. Ballads derive from the medieval French chanson balladée or ballade, which were originally "dancing songs".
A detailed description of a person's life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work, relationships, and death, but also portrays a subject's experience of these life events.
A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving conflict or contrast of character, especially one intended to be acted on the stage
A short form of literary composition based on a single subject matter, and often gives personal opinion of an author
A literary device which can be defined as a concise and brief story intended to provide a moral lesson at the end.
A type of short story that typically features folkloric fantasy characters, such as dwarves, elves, fairies, giants, gnomes, goblins, mermaids, trolls, or witches, and usually magic or enchantments.
Known as traditional art, literature, knowledge, and practices that are passed on in large part through oral communication and example. The information thus transmitted expresses the shared ideas and values of a particular group.
A very short form of Japanese poetry. Traditional consists of three phrases of 5, 7, and 5 on respectively.
A literary genre in which the plot takes place in a setting located in the past.
Means "something which ought to be read." It is "a story or narrative that lies somewhere between myth and historical fact and which, as a rule, is about a particular figure or person."
A type of fiction in which a detective, or other professional, solves a crime or series of crimes. It can take the form of a novel or short story. This genre may also be called detective or crime novels
A traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events.
The attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, implausible, exotic and supernatural elements.
A technique employed by writers to expose and criticize foolishness and corruption of an individual or a society by using humor, irony, exaggeration or ridicule.
A type of imaginative literature. It provides a mental picture of something that may happen on realistic scientific principles and facts. This fiction portrays a world where young people would be living on the Mars. Hence, it is known as futuristic fiction. It dramatizes the wonders of technology and resembles heroic fantasy where its magic substitutes with technology.
It means a small or little song or lyric. In poetry, a sonnet has 14 fourteen lines and is written in iambic pentameter. Each line has 10 syllables. It has a specific rhyme scheme and a "volta" or a specific turn.
The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference. "an allusion to Shakespeare"
A comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing that is quite different from it. It aims at explaining that idea or thing by comparing it to something that is familiar.
A literary device that is used step by step in literature to highlight and explain the details about a character in a story.
A phrase or opinion that is overused and betrays a lack of original thought.
dialect or slang
Language used by the people of a specific area, class, district or any other group of people.
A style of speaking or writing determined by the choice of words by a speaker or a writer
A literary device in which a writer gives an advance hint of what is to come later in the story
A figure of speech, which involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis.
The ability to form mental images of things or events
A contrast between expectation and reality
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
A literary element that evokes certain feelings or vibes in readers through words and descriptions.
A figure of speech in which a thing, an idea or an animal is given human attributes. The non-human objects are portrayed in such a way that we feel they have the ability to act like human beings.
point of view
The angle of considering things, which shows us the opinion, or feelings of the individuals involved in a situation.
A figure of speech that makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things using like or as.
The way a writer writes and it is the technique which an individual author uses in his writing. It varies from author to author and depends upon one's syntax, word choice, and tone.
The use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meanings that are different from their literal sense.
An attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience. Generally conveyed through the choice of words or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject.
The individual writing style of an author, a combination of idiotypical usage of syntax, diction, punctuation, character development, dialogue, etc., within a given body of text (or across several works)
A poet and award-winning author known for her acclaimed memoir I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings and her numerous poetry and essay collections.
A Georgian era author, best known for her social commentary in novels including Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, and Emma.
Best known for his novels Fahrenheit 451, The Illustrated Man and The Martian Chronicles.
Published her first book of verses, April Twilights, in 1903. With O Pioneers! (1913) and My Ántonia (1918), which has frequently been seen as her finest achievement, she found her characteristic themes—the spirit and courage of the frontier she had known in her youth. One of Ours (1922), which won the Pulitzer Prize, and A Lost Lady (1923) mourned the passing of the pioneer spirit.
A 19th-century American writer best known for his novels 'The Red Badge of Courage' and 'Maggie: A Girl of the Streets.'
A reclusive American poet. Unrecognized in her own time, she is known posthumously for her unusual use of form and syntax.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
an American Transcendentalist poet, philosopher and essayist during the 19th century. One of his best-known essays is "Self-Reliance."
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Known for his turbulent personal life and his famous novel The Great Gatsby.
A teen writer who went into hiding during the Holocaust, journaling her experiences in the renowned work The Diary of Anne Fran
A four-time Pulitzer Prize winner in poetry, American author depicted realistic New England life through language and situations familiar to the common man.
Zora Neal Hurston
Anthropologist and novelist Zora Neale Hurston was a fixture of the Harlem Renaissance before writing her masterwork, 'Their Eyes Were Watching God.'
English Romantic lyric poet was dedicated to the perfection of poetry marked by vivid imagery that expressed a philosophy through classical legend.
Best known for writing the Pulitzer Prize-winning bestseller 'To Kill a Mockingbird' (1960) and 'Go Set a Watchman' (2015), which portrays the later years of the Finch family.
A prolific Irish writer and scholar best known for his 'Chronicles of Narnia' fantasy series and his pro-Christian texts.
The name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of World War I and the middle of the 1930s. During this period Harlem was a cultural center, drawing black writers, artists, musicians, photographers, poets, and scholars.
This was a reaction against the ideology of the Enlightenment period that dominated much of European philosophy, politics, and art from the mid-17th century until the close of the 18th century.
A term coined by the poet and critic Samuel Johnson to describe a loose group of English lyric poets of the 17th century, whose work was characterized by the inventive use of conceits, and by speculation about topics such as love or religion.
A philosophical movement that developed in the late 1820s and 1830s in the eastern region of the United States. The movement was a reaction to or protest against the general state of intellectualism and spirituality.
Old English period
consists of: sermons and saints' lives; biblical translations; translated Latin works of the early Church Fathers; Anglo-Saxon chronicles and narrative history works; laws, wills and other legal works; practical works on grammar, medicine, geography; and poetry. In all there are over 400 surviving manuscripts from the period, of which about 189 are considered "major".
the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.
the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the significance of groups—their identities, goals, rights, outcomes, etc.—and tends to analyze issues in those terms
an American writer whose works explore mother-daughter relationships and the Chinese-American experience. Her best-known work is The Joy Luck Club, which has been translated into 25 languages.
an American novelist, short story writer, poet, and activist. She wrote the critically acclaimed novel The Color Purple (1982) for which she won the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
Maxine Hong Kingston
a Chinese American author and Professor Emerita at the University of California, Berkeley, where she graduated with a BA in English in 1962. Kingston has written three novels and several works of non-fiction about the experiences of Chinese immigrants living in the United States. She has contributed to the feminist movement with such works as her memoir The Woman Warrior, which discusses gender and ethnicity and how these concepts affect the lives of women.
an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period best known for Typee (1846), a romantic account of his experiences in Polynesian life, and his whaling novel Moby-Dick (1851). His work was almost forgotten during his last thirty years.
James Fenimore Cooper
a prolific and popular American writer of the early 19th century. His historical romances of frontier and Indian life in the early American days created a unique form of American literature.
n American novelist, Dark Romantic, and short story writer.
A work of literature that applies the characteristics and conventions of epic poetry to trivial subject matter for the sake of humor, irony, parody, or satire.
A type of poem in which a speaker addresses a silent listener. As readers, we overhear the speaker in a dramatic monologue.
A four-line stanza, known as a quatrain, consisting of alternating eight- and six-syllable lines.
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
a word used in place of another word that is viewed as more disagreeable or offensive
literal, dictionary meanings of a word
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