Geography Resource Management Key Terms

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Agribusiness
intensive farming aimed at maximizing the amount of food produced
Carbon footprint
measurement of the greenhouse gases individuals produce, through burning fossil fuels
Development
the progress of a country in terms of economic growth, the use of technology and human welfare
Energy conservation
reducing energy consumption by using less energy and existing sources more efficiently
Energy mix
the range of energy sources of a region or country, both renewable and non-renewable
Energy security
uninterrupted availability of energy sources at an affordable price
Food miles
the distance covered supplying food to consumers
Fossil fuels
a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms
Fracking
the process of extracting gas from gas shale where fluids at high pressure are injected to fracture the shale rock, allowing the gas to escape
Grey water
recycled domestic waste water
Import
goods and services bought by residents of a country from another country
Organic produce
food produced without the use of chemicals such as fertilisers and pesticides
Renewable energy
a resource that cannot be exhausted, e.g. wind, solar and tidal energy
Resources
a stock or supply of something that has value or a purpose
Resource management
control and monitoring of resources so that they do not become exhausted
Undernourishment
a food intake below that needed to sustain a healthy life
Undernutrition
when people do not eat enough nutrients to cover their needs for energy and growth, or to maintain a healthy immune system
Water deficit
when demand for water is greater than supply
Water quality
measured in terms of the chemical, physical and biological content of the water
Water stress
when the demand for water exceeds supply in a certain period, or when poor quality restricts its use
Water surplus
when the supply of water is greater than demand for water
Water transfer
matching supply with demand by moving water from an area with water surplus to another area with water deficit