Chapter 7 World History

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Terms in this set (...)

Pueblos
Indians who lived in the Southwest region of North America usually in small towns
Mound Builders
Indians who lived in the Central part of North America, built earthen mounds and extensive trade networks
Iroquois Confederacy
A legue of six tribes who lived in the North East, spoke a common language and became one of the most powerful Native groups in the East
Five Civilized Tribes
They lived in the Southeast, formed an alliance, and were peaceful with the settlers around them: The tribes were the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole
Mayas
An advanced civilization made up of city states that included a calendar, mathematical and astronomical discoveries and pyramids for human sacrifice
Aztecs
A warrior society that made their home in the middle of a lake in Central Mexico; They conquered tribes around them and grew rich off their taxes; They often used human sacrifice
Tenochtitlan
A man made island that served as the capital of the Aztecs
Quetzalcoatl
An Aztec god who lived on earth, but was forced to leave; He promised to return and they thought the king of Spain was this god and was tricked by Cortes
Incas
An Indian society who built their home in the mountains and conducted trade across 2 major highways that stretched up to 3000 miles long. They made stone buildings and collected much gold, silver and alpaca wool as tribute
Cuzco
The capital of the Incan empire
Prester John
A mythical king in Africa who was thought to be a Christian. Explorers looked for him to help fight the Muslims
Caravel
A ship with many sails that could sail on the open sea and along the coast and was used in European exploration
Trade winds
Belts of consistent winds that helped blow the explorers across the Atlantic Ocean
Compass
A sailor could use this tool to find direction without landmarks
Astrolabe
A tool that measured the angle between the sun or a star and the horizon. That measurement could then find latitude
dead reckoning
Early sailors decided what they thought their location was, estimated their speed, looked at the map, & aimed for their goal. (and hoped for the best!)
Prince Henry
Set up school for navigation and became known as Prince Henry the Navigator
Bartolomeu Dias
Proved that they could reach the East by sailing south around the southern tip of Africa (The Cape of Good Hope) in 1487
Vasco da Gama
Sailed up the coast of Eastern Africa and stopped at trading cities along the way. Eventually arrived in India and found an advanced civilization that had better goods than they did
Christopher Columbus
Thought he could get east by sailing west. He was right, but underestimated the size of the earth. He thought he reached India, but he really reached the Bahamas.
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
The Spanish king and queen who sponsored Columbus' journey
Ferdinand Magellan
One of the ships in his fleet of 3 successfully sailed all around the world. He was killed in the Philippines
Sir Francis Drake
An Englishman who successfully sailed all around the world in 1577
Conquistadors
Spanish for "conquerors"
Hernando Cortes
Tricked the King of the Aztecs into believing that the king of Spain was their long lost god, and they should submit to him. They did, but Cortes ended up killing most of the Aztecs anyway
Montezuma
the Aztec ruler in 1519 who urged submission to the Spanish
Francisco Pizarro
Brutal conquistador who took gold at every opportunity. Eventually murdered Atahualpa, stole his gold and declared himself the Inca; Eventually founded the city of Lima
Atahualpa
Leader of the Inca who was murdered by Pizarro
Battle of Lepanto
Phillip II of Spain and an alliance of Roman Catholic nations defeat the Ottoman naval fleet near Italy and Greece
Bartolome de Las Casas
A missionary to the Native Americans who played a key role in improving how they were treated

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