Chapter 9: The Rise and Spread of Islam
Muslims are followers of Islam and worship in a mosque and practice the 5 Pillars of Islam:
1: Witness- The repetition of the shahadah or "witness," which consists of a single sentence, "There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of Allah."
2: Prayer- The practice of daily prayer, recited facing Mecca, fives times each day, at dawn, midday, midafternoon, sunset, and nightfall, and the additional requirement for all men to gather for a noon prayer and sermon on Fridays.
3: Alms- The habit of giving alms to the poor and needy, consisting of at least one-fortieth of a Muslim's assets and income.
4: Fasting- During the lunar month of Ramadan the ritual obligation to fast by abstaining from food, drink, medicine, tobacco, and sexual intercourse from sunrise to sundown each day.
5: Pilgrimage- At least once in every Muslim's life, in the twelfth month of the Muslim's calender, the undertaking of a pilgrimage to Mecca.