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CHAPTER 2: PRINCIPLES OF FILM FORM
Terms in this set (30)
one elemental system of film, composes design elements such
as lighting, setting, props, costumes, and makeup within individual shots
another elemental system, is organized into a series of dialogue,
music, ambience, and effects tracks
is structured into acts that establish, develop, and resolve character conflict.
juxtaposes individual shots, orders these juxtapositions into
sequences, sequences into scenes, and scenes into movies.
as the subject of an artwork
as the means by which the subject is expressed.
a scene that builds suspense by exposing
us to a pattern of different shots
simple shot/reverse shot sequence——
back-and-forth shot sequence that is one of the most
common editing patterns in film and (especially) television——
can establish a significant and meaningful pattern.
an element of structure, ground us in the familiar, or
acquaint us with the unfamiliar; repeating them
emphasizes their content.
character state of mind, create relationships, and
communicate narrative meaning.
narrative, mise-en-scene, cinematography, acting, editing, sound
major formal aspects of film
> Movies depend on light.
> Movies provide an illusion of movement.
> Movies manipulate space and time in unique
3 fundamental principles of film form
is the essential ingredient in the creation and
consumption of motion pictures; it is a key formal element
that film artists and technicians carefully
manipulate to create mood, reveal character, and
made when a camera lens focuses light onto either
film stock or a video sensor chip.
projectors and video monitors
all transmit motion
pictures as light, which is gathered by the lenses and
sensors in our own eyes.
Strong contrasts between light and dark (called chiaroscuro)
make movies visually interesting and focus our attention on
crafted interplay between motion-picture light
and shadow; is
responsible for significant effects in each shot or
scene. It enhances the texture, depth, emotions,
and mood of a shot.
persistence of vision
and the phi phenomenon
The movement we see on the movie screen is an
illusion, made possible by two interacting optical
and perceptual phenomena
Persistence of vision
is the process by which the human brain retains an
image for a fraction of a second longer than the eye
illusion of succession
called when one image following another without interruption
illusion of movement
called when figures and objects within the image changing position simultaneously without actually moving
is the illusion of movement
created by events that succeed each other
rapidly, as when two adjacent lights flash on and off
alternately and we seem to see a single light shifting
back and forth.
critical flicker fusion
which occurs when a single
light flickers on and off with such speed that the
individual pulses of light fuse together to give the
illusion of continuous light.
a key concept in
film theory, literally to mean the process by which
an agent, structure, or other formal element,
whether human or technological, transfers something
from one place to another
The slow motion
invites the audience to pause and savor an extended
moment of stylized violence.
in or concern for the actual or real, a tendency
to view or represent things as they really are)
realism and antirealism
2 basic directions that cinema would follow
an interest in or concern for
the abstract, speculative, or fantastic
Whether a movie is realistic, antirealistic, or a combination
of the two, it can achieve a convincing
appearance of truth, a quality that we call...
combines and composes a variety of elements—for
example, lighting, movement, sound, acting, and a
number of camera effects—into single shots
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 5 - Cinematography
Chapter 3 Narrative Form
Chapter 6: Editing
Chapter 5: Cinematography
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