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75 terms

Chapter 8, Multiple Choice

Medical Terminology: A Living Language, 4/e.
STUDY
PLAY
Which medical term means inflammation of appendix?
a. appendicitis
b. appenditis
c. appendicopathy
d. appendicosis
A
Which medical term means removal of gallbladder?
a. choledochectomy
b. cholecystectomy
c. cholelithectomy
d. cholelithiasis
B
Which medical term means process of viewing colon?
a. colonostomy
b. colonoscope
c. colonoscopy
d. coloscopy
C
Which medical term means stomach pain?
a. duodenalgia
b. gingivalgia
c. enteralgia
d. gastralgia
D
Which medical term means surgical repair of stomach?
a. gastroplasty
b. gastrotomy
c. gastrectomy
d. gastrostomy
A
Which medical term means pertaining to the third section of the small intestines?
a. cuodenal
b. ileal
c. cecal
d. jejuna
B
Which medical term means inflammation of the rectum and anus?
a. anitis
b. sigmoiditis
c. proctitis
d. rectitis
C
Which medical term means slow digestion?
a. tachypepsia
b. dyspepsia
c. apepsia
d. bradypepsia
D
Which medical term means excessive eating?
a. polyphagia
b. tachyphagia
c. dysphagia
d. polypepsia
A
Which medical term means abnormal appetite?
a. dyspepsia
b. dysorexia
c. dysphagia
d. dysprandial
B
A _____is a small tumor on a stem attachment.
a. polyp
b. pyrosis
c. menena
d. denture
A
The medical term for frequent, watery bowel movements is:
a. cachexia
b. diarrhea
c. emesis
d. hematochezia
B
The medical term for vomiting is:
a. deglutination
b. bruxism
c. emesis
d. melena
C
A partial or complete set of artificial teeth is called a(n):
a. bridge
b. crown
c. implant
d. denture
D
The yellow cast to the skin that indicates liver disease is called:
a. jaundice
b. cachexia
c. melena
d. hematochizia
A
An inguinal hernia is found in the:
a. navel
b. groin
c. liver
d. stomach
B
Which of the following terms is NOT associated with the digestive system?
a. alimentary
b. gut
c. tracheal
d. gastrointestinal
C
Which is an accessory organ of the digestive system?
a. liver
b. pancreas
c. salivary gland
d. all the above are accessory organs
D
Which is NOT a function of the digestive system?
a. distribute nutrients
b. digest good
c. absorb nutrients
d. eliminate solid waste
A
Which of the following molecules is NOT a nutrient?
a. glucose
b. sodium
c. carbohydrates
d. proteins
B
Saliva contains digestive enzymes to begin digesting:
a. fats
b. cholesterol
c. carbohydrates
d. protein
C
Taste buds are located on the:
a. uvula
b. palate
c. gums
d. tongue
D
The gag reflex is located on the:
a. uvula
b. palate
c. gums
d. tongue
A
Which of the following is NOT a grinding tooth?
a. molars
b. cuspids
c. pre-molars
d. bicuspids
B
The crown of a tooth is covered by:
a. cementum
b. gingival
c. enamel
d. dentin
C
The portion of a tooth that is located below the gum line is the:
a. dentin
b. crown
c. enamel
d. root
D
The proper name for the baby teeth is the _____teeth.
a. deciduous
b. permanent
c. incisor
d. molar
A
The section of the pharynx associated with the mouth is the:
a. laryngopharynx
b. oropharynx
c. hypopharynx
d. nasopharynx
B
The epiglottis shunts food into the:
a. trachea
b. larynx
c. esophagus
d. pharynx
C
The folds in the lining of the stomach are called:
a. chime
b. rugae
c. fundus
d. sphincters
B
The _____section of the stomach tapers off into the pyloric sphincter.
a. body
b. rugae
c. antrum
d. fundus
C
The stomach secretes:
a. saliva
b. sulfuric acid
c. water
d. hydrochloric acid
D
The partially digested liquid mixture in the stomach is called:
a. chime
b. rugae
c. ascites
d. borborygmus
A
The correct order of the three sections of the small intestine is:
a. jejunum, duodenum, ileum
b. duodenum, jejunum, ileum
c. duodenum, ileum, jejunum
d. ileum, jejunum, duodenum
B
Food exits the stomach by passing through the:
a. cardiac sphincter
b. lower esophageal sphincter
c. pyloric sphincter
d. hepatic sphincter
C
The _____of the small intestine receives food from the stomach.
a. cecum
b. jejunum
c. eleum
d. duodenum
D
Food leaving the small intestine first enters the _____of the colon.
a. cecum
b. sigmoid colon
c. appendix
d. ascending colon
A
The appendix is a small structure off the end of the:
a. ileum
b. cecum
c. sigmoid colon
d. duodenum
B
Feces is stored in the _____prior to defecation.
a. sigmod colon
b. anus
c. rectum
d. cecum
C
Which of the following is NOT a salivary gland?
a. submandibular
b. sublingual
c. parotid
d. buccal
D
The liver produces _____to aid in digestion.
a. bile
b. amylase
c. chime
d. buffers
A
Emulsification breaks up _____into smaller particles.
a. protein
b. fats
c. carbohydrates
d. glucose
B
The function of the gallbladder is to store:
a. buffers
b. amylase
c. bile
d. glucose
C
The common bile duct empties into the:
a. stomach
b. liver
c. gallbladder
d. duodenum
D
The pancreas secretes:
a. enzymes
b. bile
c. buffers
d. both a and c
D
Pancratic enzymes digest:
a. fats
b. protein
c. carbohydrates
d. all the above
D
Aphthous ulcers are found:
a. on the lip
b. in the mouth
c. in the colon
d. in the stomach
B
Which of the following conditions is a congenital anomaly?
a. ascites
b. anal fistula
c. cleft lip
d. inguinal hernia
C
Peptic ulcer disease occurs in the:
a. stomach
b. duodenum
c. colon
d. a and b
D
The Helicobacter pylori bacteria cause which of the following conditions?
a. peptic ulcer disease
b. ulcerative colitis
c. aphthous ulcers
d. anal ulcers
A
The twisting of the colon on itself is called:
a. intussusceptions
b. volbulus
c. hemorrhoids
d. hiatal hernia
B
Crohn's disease affects the:
a. stomach
b. duodenum
c. ilium
d. common bile duct
C
An outpouching off the gut is called a(n):
a. hemorrhoid
b. ileum
c. fistula
d. diverticulum
D
A diaphragmatecele is also called a(n):
a. polyp
b. hiatal hernia
c. inguinal hernia
d. esophageal varices
B
Cirrhosis is a general name for chronic disease of the:
a. colon
b. pancreas
c. liver
d. gallbladder
C
Which of the following conditions is characterized by diarrhea, often with blood and mucus?
a. diverticulitis
b. volbulus
c. Crohn's disease
d. dysentery
D
An abnormal tube-like passage is called a(n):
a. fistula
b. fissure
c. diverticulum
d. polyp
A
An elevated alanine transaminase level indicates _____disease.
a. liver
b. stomach
c. colon
d. pancreas
A
Which X-ray would be used to visualize the gallbladder?
a. IV cholecystography
b. upper GI series
c. cholangiography
d. lower GI series
A
Which of the following endoscopic exams would be used to view inside a section of the colon?
a. gastroscopy
b. sigmoidoscopy
c. laparoscopy
d. esophagoscopy
B
Which of the following procedures provides the patient with intravenous nutrition?
a. total parenteral nutrition
b. gavage
c. nasogastric intubation
d. lavage
A
Which procedure uses a nasogastric tube to wash out the stomach?
a. gastroscopy
b. lavage
c. gavage
d. total parenteral nutrition
B
Which of the following surgical procedures would treat stones in the digestive system?
a. herioplasty
b. exploratory laparotomy
c. choledocholithotripsy
d. diverticulectomy
C
Which of the following surgical procedures would remove an abnormal passageway?
a. diverticulectomy
b. hemorrhoidectomy
c. colectomy
d. fistulectomy
D
Which of the following surgical procedures would treat obesity?
a. gastric stapling
b. anastomosis
c. laproscopic cholecystectomy
d. herioplasty
A
Which surgical term means to surgically create a connection between two structures?
a. colostomy
b. anastomosis
c. extraction
d. proctoplasty
B
Which medications used to treat constipation?
a. antiemetic
b. antacid
c. laxative
d. anorexiant
C
Which medication is used to treat nausea and vomiting?
a. antiemetic
b. antacid
c. laxative
d. anorexiant
A
Which medication is used to treat obesity?
a. antiemetic
b. antacid
c. laxative
d. anorexiant
D
Which medication is used to neutralize stomach acid?
a. antiemetic
b. antacid
c. laxative
d. anorexiant
B
Which abbreviation stands for a pathological condition?
a. GERD
b. FOBT
c. NG
d. O&P
A
Which abbreviation stands for a lab test?
a. n&v
b. IBS
c. UGI
d. O&P
D
Which abbreviation stands for after meals?
a. FOBT
b. UGI
c. pc
d. NG
C
Which abbreviation stands for nothing by mouth?
a. IBS
b. NPO
c. NG
d. n&v
B
Which abbreviation stands for an X-ray?
a. UGI
b. NPO
c. NG
d. PO
A