Unit 5 Vocabulary

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Annex
To add territory to a country.
Manifest Destiny
The belief that it was America's right and duty to spread the nation across North America.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
A document signed by the United States and Mexico in 1848, ending the Mexican-American War.
The Gadsen Purchase
A strip of land south of the Mexican Cession acquired in 1853.
Californio
Spanish speaking Mexican citizens living in Alta California.
Rancho
A land grant made by the Mexican government, used mostly for raising cattle and crops.
Tejano
Spanish speaking Mexican citizens living in the region of Texas.
Missionaries
Christians who attempted to convert Native Americans in the west.
Zebulon Pike
An explorer who mapped territory along the Rio Grande and Red River.
Bitty Mason
An African American slave who sued her owner in California and won her freedom.
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