USII.4c Racial Segregation, Jim Crow and African American Responses
This is a review for SOL USII.4c Racial Segregation and the Rise of Jim Crow.
Jim Crow Laws
Enacted by Southern legislatures to legally discriminate against African Americans
Kept African Americans separated from whites, based on race
Jim Crow laws were enacted to end African Americans' benefits from-
Gained citizenship in 1924
Effect of Jim Crow: Housing
Laws were passed that upheld segregation of homes and neighborhoods.
Effect of Jim Crow: Education
African Americans and whites could not go to the same schools.
Effect of Jim Crow: Employment
Confined African Americans to menial, unskilled, low paying jobs
Effect of Jim Crow: Government
Voting was affected by poll taxes and literacy tests.
Booker T. Washington
Accepted social segregation of races, believed African Americans could achieve equality through vocational education and founded Tuskegee Institute
Wanted full civil, social and political rights for African Americans; co-founded the NAACP
Learning a trade like plumbing, carpentry, etc.
Voting, ending segregation, etc.