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the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world
the appearance of things relative to one another as determined by their distance from the viewer
invented by Johann Gutenberg in 1454; first book was Gutenberg Bible; changed private and public lives of Europeans; used for war declarations, battle accounts, treaties, propaganda; laid basis for formation of distinct political parties; enhanced literacy, people sought books on all subjects
the remission by the pope of the temporal punishment in purgatory that is still due for sins even after absolution
the national church of England (and all other churches in other countries that share its beliefs)
the reaction of the Roman Catholic Church to the Reformation reaffirming the veneration of saints and the authority of the Pope (to which Protestants objected)
Peace of Augsburg
1.German rulers decide if they are Lutheran or Catholic 2.If a German Ruler took property from the church before 1552 they can keep it 3.Bishops go to states of their religion 4.Lutheran is the only other religion
Council Of Trent
an ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church convened in Trento in three sessions between 1545 and 1563 in response to the Reformation
a method of investigation involving observation and theory to test scientific hypotheses
Sir Thomas More
English statesman who opposed Henry VIII's divorce from Catherine of Aragon and was imprisoned and beheaded
English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)
Jan Van Eyck
Flemish painter who was a founder of the Flemish school of painting and who pioneered modern techniques of oil painting (1390-1441)
German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468)
Swiss theologian (born in France) whose tenets (predestination and the irresistibility of grace and justification by faith) defined Presbyterianism (1509-1564)
King Henry VIII
Founder of the church in England and ruled England from 1509-1547. He broke the Catholic church because he couldn't get a divorce
Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center (1473-1543)
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