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22 terms

World History: Chapter 2: Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
oasis
Place in the desert where water allows plant and animal life
silt
Fertile soil carried as sediment in river water
hieroglyphics
Method of Egyptian writing that used pictures or symbols to indicate words or sounds
papyrus
Writing material made by the ancient Egyptians out of the plant stems; plural papyri
kingdom
Term for monarchy, a form of government headed by a king or queen
monarchy
Term for kingdom, a form of government headed by a king or queen
pharaoh
Egyptian ruler's title
dynasty
Family of rulers whose right to rule is hereditary
empire
Form of government that unties different territories and people under one ruler
polytheism
Belief in the existence of many gods
monotheism
Belief in one God
caravans
Groups of people traveling together for safety over long distances
scribes
Clerks who read or wrote for those who could not to do themselves
mummification
Preservation process that involved treating a corpse with various chemicals
city-state
Form of government that consisted of a town or city and the surrounding land it controlled
cuneiform
Sumerian method of writing using a stylus to make combinations of wedge shapes
arch
Curved structure over an opening
ziggurats
Sumerian temples built in years, each one smaller than the one bellow it
cavalry
Military units of soldiers on horses
barter
Exchange of one commodity or service for another
money economy
Economic system based on the use money rather than on barter
ethical monotheism
Hebrew form of monotheism, or belief in one god, that emphasizes proper conduct