Upgrade to remove ads
AP Government Unit 3: Chapters 6,8,9, and 10
Terms in this set (28)
Public opinion surveys used by major media pollsters to predict electoral winners with speed and precision
May discourage people from voting
The key techniques employed by survey researchers, which operates on the principle that everyone should have an equal probability of being selected for the sample
The willingness to allow people with whom one disagrees to have the full protection of the laws when they express their opinions
Set of values widely shared within a society
Vast majority subscribes to these general ideals, including liberty, equality, democracy, individualism, unity, and diversity.
factors that influence party identification and likelihood to vote
The process through which an individual acquires their particular political orientation
Political leanings of children often mirror their parents' learnings
Chief source of information as children age
Used by government to socialize young into political culture
Better-educated citizens are more likely to vote and are more knowledgeable about politics and policy
Regular pattern in which women are more likely to support Democratic candidates
political ideologies: liberal and conservative
A coherent set of beliefs about politics, public policy, and public purpose
Younger people tend to be independent
Voter or candidate who does not identify with a political party
Belief that one's political participation really matter- there vote can make a difference
Conflicts stemming from differences in the values and practices advocated by parents and those favored by peers
primary elections voters vs general election voters
A primary election is an election that narrows the field of candidates before a general election for office. General election typically results in a much higher voter turnout than the primary elections. The general election for president is held every four years.
Why is voter turn in America low? Voter Apathy and causes
Too busy, difficulty of registration, difficulty of absentee voting, number of elections, voter attitudes, and weakened influence of political parties.
Which elections have higher turnout and why?
Presidential election years because people believe this is the most important one even though it's not
Why people don't vote
2.Difficulty obtaining absentee ballot
4.Too many elections
1.lack of political efficacy
2.Dissatisfaction with candidates,parties, and politicians in general
3.Weakness of parties in mobilizing voters
Federal Election Campaign Acts (FECA)
1.Established FEC to regulate federal elections
2.Requires all candidates to disclose contributions and expenditures
3.Provided partial public financing for presidential primaries through matching funds
4.Provided full public financing for major party candidates in the general presidential election
Presidential candidates that receive federal money must adhere to spending limitations
Practice of holding primaries early or caucus so you have more of a say in an election
How the president is picked
When Americans vote for a President and Vice President, they are actually voting for presidential electors, known collectively as the electoral college. It is these electors, chosen by the people, who elect the chief executive.
Critical realigning election
When a party undergoes a major shift in its electoral baase and political agenda
Criticisms of the primary/caucus system
1.Disproportionate attention to early ones
2.Prominent politicians do not run b/c they are working
3.Money plays too big a role
4.Participation in primaries and caucuses is lo and unrepresentative; about 20% vote in primaries
5.The system gives too much power to the media
Undisclosed and unlimited because it is given to political parties, not individual candidates
McCain-Feingold Act/ Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002
1.Ban soft money donations to national political parties
2.Limits soft money donations to state political parties to $10,000 restricts use of these donations to voter registration and get out the vote drives
3.Doubled individuals hard money donations to $2,000, and indexes future increases to inflation (now $2500)
4.No change on PAC limits. Still $5,000 per candidate, per election
5.Unions and corporations banned from giving soft money to parties
How is a vice president selected?
Chosen by the Presidential candidate, and is often chosen to "balance" the ticket and improve the Presidential candidates prospects of wining the election.
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses. They are free to support any candidate for the nomination.
Voting made after taking into consideration factors like the performance of a political party, an officeholder, and/or the administration.
Straight ticket and split ticket voting
voter chooses candidates from the same political party for every office up for election
voter in an election votes for candidates from different political parties when multiple offices are being decided by a single election
Tax exempt groups that engage in political activities, can receive unlimited contributions and spend them on voter mobilization efforts and issue advocacy ads that praise or slam a candidate (they can not explicitly endorse a candidate)
Campaign finance limits on presidential elections
An individual may give a maximum of: $2,700 per election to a federal candidate or the candidate's campaign committee.2 Notice that the limit applies separately to each election. Primaries, runoffs and general elections are considered separate elections. $5,000 per calendar year to a PAC.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Unit 4 Political Process
Government Exam 4
AP Gov Unit II Terms
AP Gov Unit 2
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
IDs APUSH spring break
Civil War IDs
Sociology Exam 3