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23 terms

Health Terms

Terms describing states of health and conditions. http://eflclassroom.com
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911
dial this in case of an emergency
CPR
an emergency procedure consisting of external cardiac massage and artificial respiration
Heimlich Maneuver
an emergency procedure to help someone who is choking because food is lodged in the trachea
ABCs
Airway, breathing, and circulation.
secondary survey
head to toe physical assessment. an additional assessment of a patient to determine the existence of any injuries other than those found in the primary survey.
direct pressure
The pressure applied on a wound to control bleeding, for example, by one's gloved hand.
triage
process of evaluating the urgency of medical need and prioritizing treatment.
defibrillator
machine that helps restore a normal heart rhythm by delivering an electrical shock
shock
a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body
blood volume
amount of fluid in the blood; when low, blood pressure low; when blood volume high, causes pressure against the blood vessel walls, high blood pressure
burns
First degree (surface), second degree (epidermis, maybe upper part of dermis), third degree (subcutaneous, if extensive may need grafting)
infection
a condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multiply, and cause harm
fluid loss
the protiens, plasma, and electrolytes shift from the vascular compartment to the interstittial compartment, greatest loss occurs in the first 12 hours
D5W
5% dextrose in water
alert tags
tags worn around the neck if you have a health condition. If found in an emergency situation, these tags will save your life.
eyes
equal, reactive. Show if someone is passed out, unconscious, or hurt.
child care
Care provided by a person other than the child's parents
head injury
can affect the brain, if brain becomes inflammed then the skull can become a hazard as the swelling has nowhere to go, pressure develops which may cause blackouts or even death
blood volume
amount of fluid in the blood; when low, blood pressure low; when blood volume high, causes pressure against the blood vessel walls, high blood pressure
internal bleeding
large loss of blood in short amount of time, unseen, can occur from extremity injuries
broken bones
when the system is fractured/broken.
fractures
any form of break or hair line fractire of any bone, open or compund means skin break and closed the skin didnt break - muscoskeletal disorder
arthritis
inflammation of a joint or joints

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