21 terms

WHI.2 Prehistory

Paleolithic and Neolithic Eras
STUDY
PLAY
Migration
the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
Economy
the production and distribution of goods and services in a society
Archaeologist
a person who studies the past by locating and analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts
Paleolithic
Old Stone Age; had simple tools, cave art, fire, oral language, and hunter gatherer societies
Homo sapiens
The species name for modern humans
Homo habilis
species of hominid who was the first to develop tools and weapons; "handy man"
Homo erectus
Hominid who was believed to have walked completely upright like modern people do, called "Upright Man".
Neanderthal
lived 200,000 - 30,000 years ago during the Paleolithic/Mesolithic Era; wore animals hides, powerfully built, made shelters, tools like scrapers and blades, had ritual burial rites
Carbon dating
a chemical analysis used to determine the age of organic materials based on their content of the radioisotope carbon-14
Nomad
a member of a highly mobile people who move place to place in search of food, water, and shelter
Clan
group of people related by blood or marriage
Cave art
Early form of communication found in Paleolithic Age
Agriculture
The raising of crops and animals for human use; also called farming
Domestication
the taming of animals for human use, such as work or as food
Neolithic
New Stone Age; last of the Stone Ages; developed agriculture, domestication, pottery, weaving, and advanced tools
Stonehenge
prehistoric monument located in England consisting of megaliths in a circle; began in the New Stone Age but was finished in the Bronze Age
Civilization
a society with advanced technology, record keeping, complex institutions, advanced cities, and specialized labor
Eurasia
the land mass formed by the continents of Europe and Asia
hominid
human or other creature that walks upright
artifact
a man made object that could give clues to the past
technology
ways of applying knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet human needs