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career and college terminology
Terms in this set (44)
a college entrance exam required by four-year colleges that measures high school students' educational development and ability to do college-level work. Highest possible score is as 36.
Advanced Placement (AP)
qualifying high school students take college-level courses in high school
a system of training with on-the-job training; pay may be offered
Associate's degree (AA degree)
typically a two-year degree earned from a community or junior college.
Average annual earning
the amount of income earned in a calendar year
Bachelor's degree (BA degree)
4-year degrees, referred to as baccalaureate or undergraduate degrees.
an occupation or profession; requires special training
community college (junior college)
students take classes then transfer to a 4-year school, or they can earn certificates, diplomas, or associate's degrees.
the area of study a student is focusing on; used in place of "major;" however, a major can include various concentrations
combines classroom learning with paid, hands-on work experience; students alternate between attending classes and working at a real job in their field of study.
carnegie unit (credit)
units of value given to classes needed for graduation; 1 credit is 120 hours of class or contact time with an instructor for a specified amount of time; vary by class and by school; a certain numbers of credits in certain areas of study are required for graduation
courses and classes offered by a school
department of education
the government agency in charge of regulating education policies
allows students to enroll in college before completing high school; after the junior year.
forms of college funds, including scholarships, grants and loans. Many schools also offer work-study programs to offset tuition costs.
general educational development exam (GED)
composed of five tests; taken by people who are unable to graduate high school
Grade Point Average (GPA)
calculated based on the grades obtained in individual classes, usually on a four-point scale; A=4 points, B= 3 points, C=2 points D= 1 point, & an F= 0 points. High school GPA is on transcripts and part of the evaluation for college admission
provides supervised work experience in an area relevant to a student's career goals; can be paid or unpaid.
when a student applies to, or attends, a school in which his/her parent graduated. Some schools give preferential admission to applicants whose parents or grandparents attended the same institution
letter of recommendation (LOR)
nearly all colleges and universities require that potential students include one or more LORs with their applications
Master's degree (MA)
follows a bachelor's degree; takes two years to complete
the field of study a student focuses on for a degree; some choose a major before starting college & others wait until the end of their second year.
a program of study requiring fewer courses than a major does
national merit scholarship program
students who do well on certain tests may qualify for scholarships; few students receive full scholarships
national collegiate athletic association (NCAA)
regulates and governs college and unicersity athletic programs and verifies that student athletes maintain their GPA to be eligible to play on an NCAA team
students who do not live in the state where the school they are applying to, or attending, is located; includes students who haven't lived in the state long enough to be considered residents.
a school with an open admissions policy admits almost all high school graduates without taking grades or test scores into account; admits most students who have earned their GED
a forecast of the change in the # of people employed in a particular occupation over a set period
workforce development strategy used in the US to support workers' transitions from education into and through the workforce.
a graduate degree; following a master's degree; referred to as a "doctorate" when it is the highest degree possible in a given field; PhDs take three years to complete
collection of works that are representative of a person's skills and accomplishments
gives preference to students from certain groups, such as state residents, members of supporting churches, or students whose parents went to the same school.
a course completed before registering in another class; example- first-year math might be a prerequisite for second-year math
students who reside in the same state as the college or university applied to or attending
written compilation of your education, work experience, credentials, and accomplishments that is used to apply for jobs
reserve officers training corps (ROTC)
a program in which the military pays a student's tuition or other expenses
scholastic assessment test (SAT)
measures mathematical, critical reading and writing skills; taken during the junior or senior year; required by colleges as part of the application process.
program and requirements for a certain class
record of the classes a student has taken with the grades earned in those classes.
university transfer program
when students complete the first two years of a four-year college for the first two years of a four-year degree program at a two-year college, and then transfer to a four-year college for the last two years of the program at a two-year college, and then transfer to a four-year college for the last two years of the program
offers programs that prepare students for specific careers, trades or vocations
after students have been offered admission to a college, the remaining qualified applicants go on a waitlist to take the place of accepted students who decide not to attend.
place where people work
provide students with part-time jobs during the school year as part of their financial aid package; often located at the school.
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