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World History: People and Nations Chapter 5 (2 of 2 sets)
Terms in this set (54)
paintings made on wet plaster walls
the word for Greek city-state
a hill or mountain where the original fort in the Greek city-states stood
marketplace for early Greek civilizations
long poems describing heroes and great events (ie: The Iliad and The Odyssey)
traditional stories about the deeds and misdeeds of gods, goddesses, and heroes in ancient Greece
special sanctuaries where the gods spoke through the priests or priestesses, usually in answer to questions about the future. The most famous was that of Apollo at Delphi
good or service bought from another country or region
good or service sold to another country or region
the type of rule in the ancient Greek citystates where the citystates were controlled by nobles.
heavy infantryman, and nonaristocratic soldier
someone who siezes power in defiance of law, but rule with the people's support
people could and should rule themselves rather than be ruled by others
a government in which all citizens take part
people who were conquered and forced into slavery
overseers who were elected for one term to monitor the king and the citizens. they had unlimited power to act as guardians of the state.
people born outside of Athens, and therefore noncitizens
nine rulers who served a one year term of office, and appointed the other officials and made all the laws in the early government of Athens
all citizens participate directly in making governmental decisions
citizens elect representatives to run the government for them (USA)
creating small flat plots of land by building low walls on the hillsides and filling the space behind them with soil
the male slave who raised Athenian boys (starting at age 7). He taught them manners and went everywhere with him.
study of oratory, or public speaking, and debating
ancient civilization on the island of Crete
ancient civilization around 1600-1200 B.C. on the Greece mainland.
the primitive civilization that moved into the Peloponnesus, Crete, and sw Asia Minor after the fall of the Mycenaean civilization
author of The Iliad and The Odyssey
king of the gods of ancient Greece. he was the most powerful god and the father of some other gods and humans. His wife and sister is Hera who protected women and marriage. His brother, Poseidon, was god of the sea.
a daughter of Zeus, she was the goddess of wisdom, womanly virtue, and technical skill, as well as the special protector of the great city-states, especially Athens that was named in her honor.
archon in 621 B.C. who wrote the first written law code of Athens. his laws were harsh and severe, so today we call a harsh law Draconian law.
archon in 594 B.C. who canceled the debts of the poor, outlawed enslavement for debt, and freed those who had been enslaved for nonpayment.
leader who siezed power as a tyrant in Athens who improved the economy and exiled nobles who disagreed with him.
ruler who made big changes in Athens around 508 B.C. and turned Athens into a democracy and divided the citizens into 10 tribes
Persian ruler who ruled Greek citystates with tight control and raised taxes around 500 B.C., when the people rebelled and began a series of conflicts known as The Persian Wars. The Athenian army defeated the Persians at the Battle of Marathon even though the Persians greatly outnumbered the Athenians
son of Darius, leader of the Persians who were defeated by Athenians at Battle of Thermopylae
Athenian leader who evacuated Athens when the army of Xerxes was moving in, and who won the Battle of Salamis Bay
the leader of Athens who brought Athenian democracy to its height, including: all male citizens could hold public office, officeholders received salaries, etc. Pericles was a great general, orator, and statesman as leader of Athens from 461-429 B.C.
the body of water off the eastern coast of Greece
Located at the extreme northeastern ed of the Mediterranean Sea. Today it is the mainland of Greece.
the island located in the Mediterranean Sea south of Greece
city of the Mycenaeans on the Peloponnesus peninsula
Athens and Sparta
2 early Greek city-states established around 700-800 B.C.
home of the ancient Greek gods, on top of a mountain peak in northern Greece
the place where the first Athenians built their port city called Piraeus
area located 24 miles northeast of Athens where the Battle of Marathon was fought between the Persians and the Athenian army.
narrow mountain pass between northern and central Greece where a few hundred Greeks held off a huge Persian army under Xerxes for three days until the last Spartan soldier was killed.
The strait where the sea battle between Themistocles of Athens and Xerxes army met. The ships of the Persian army were too large to maneuver in the waters, allowing the smaller Athenian ships to ram the Persian ships and sink much of the Persian fleet.
the island of Delos gave its name to the Delian League, a system of alliances that ultimately included some 140 citystates including Athens. Each citystate contributed either ships or money to the alliance, and the league's funds were deposited on the island of Delos.
Greece's geography encouraged the development of what?
wife and sister of Zeus, protector of women and marriage
brother of Zeus, was the god of the sea
daughter of Zeus, goddess of love and beauty
son of Zeus, brother to Aphrodite, god of light, music, poetry
god of fertility and wine
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