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Intro to Sociology, Ch. 5 & 6

Quiz
STUDY
PLAY
According to Erving Goffman, the goal of a total institution is:
to radically alter a person's personality or behavior.
According to Piaget, in what stage of human development do individuals experience the world only through sensory contact?
sensorimotor stage
Applying Freud's thinking to a sociological analysis of personality development, you would conclude that:
humans have basic, self-centered drives that must be controlled by learning the ways of society.
According to Mead, social experience involves:
the exchange of symbols.
When Cooley used the concept "looking-glass self," he meant to say that:
people see themselves as they think others see them.
In Mead's model, which sequence correctly orders stages of the developing self?
imitation, play, games, generalized other
In historical perspective, the importance of the mass media to the socialization process has:
increased over time.
Looking at childhood in global perspective, we find that:
rich societies extend childhood much longer than poor societies do.
The tragic case of Anna, the isolated girl studied by Kingsley Davis, shows that:
without social experience, a child is incapable of thought or meaningful action.
The special contribution of schooling to the socialization process includes:
exposing the child to a bureaucratic setting.
In the United States, people stand farther away from one another when speaking than do two people in a Middle Eastern nation. This pattern reveals:
personal space.
According to Erving Goffman, we engage in a ___ when we use costumes, props, tone of voice, and gestures to convey information to others.
performance
A role set refers to:
a number of roles attached to a single status.
Which of the following concepts defines who and what we are in relation to others?
status
What is the term for the process by which people disengage from important social roles?
role exit
In general, an important foundation of humor is:
incongruity - differences in meaning.
Which concept is used to designate the process by which people creatively shape reality as they interact?
social construction of reality
Which sociologist developed the approach called dramaturgical analysis?
Erving Goffman
Humor is created when people:
set up double meanings that are conventional and unconventional.
In terms of dramaturgical analysis, another term for helping a person to "save face," or avoid embarrassment, is:
tact.