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Final: Lesson 8-15
Terms in this set (65)
British blues pioneer, __________ was known as the "Elder Statesman of British Blues".
British blues and psychedelic band, The _________ were the starting point for guitarists Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck and Jimmy Page.
The Yardbirds were early pioneers of psychedelic music and known for ad hoc jams called _______, a mix of R&B with extended guitar / harmonica passages, blues with a fierce drive to the music.
British blues band __________, led by Eric Burdon were second only to Rolling Stones in influence among R&B based bands.
Packaged as a British blues band (even though they were Irish), ___________ were led by Van Morrison who was considered the most critically acclaimed pop music songwriter of the 1960's.
British invasion band __________ were known as the precursors of heavy metal and punk rock, later known as "power chord" playing.
The most enduring of the British Invasion bands, __________ were earthy, vulgar, rough, and sexier than the Beatles. They pushed the generation gap.
The Rolling Stones
Motown is almost entirely attributed to one man -___________.
Barry Gordy's Motown formula consists of:
Stock rock chord progressions
Catchy hook phrases
Doo-wop male vocals
Solid instrumental back-up
__________ were the studio musicians who shaped the Motown sound.
The Funk Brothers
Motown artists Smokey Robinson and the Miracles were known for Robinson's beautiful falsetto voice. _________ became the Miracles forte.
Motown group ____________ were the finest vocal group in 60's Soul music. They were the closest to church and gospel roots.
__________ & The Supremes were one of the most important female groups in rock history. The Supremes music is the purest expression of the Motown sound.
Motown's endearing child act The Jackson 5 were fronted by 10 year old Michael who danced like a miniature___________. The Jackson Five transcended all race and age barriers.
__________ is the most successful artist in Motown's history. His first big hit was Fingertips - Part 2 (age 12), the first live recording to hit #1 in rock history. After he gained control of his music, he often played most of the instruments on his albums
Soul artist _________ was Atlantic's best-selling southern soul performer.
Stax soul artist Wilson Pickett's ___________ was one of the most successful songs of soul era.
In The Midnight Hour
Stax's group of top notch studio session players formed the instrumental soul group- __________.
Booker T. and the MGs
Stax artist __________ earned a reputation as leading performer of soul ballads. His performance at the Monterey Pop Festival gained him a wider audience.
(T/f) Rock bands of the British invasion resurrected the music we ignored.
In terms of rock and roll fashion, England's "James Dean" counterparts were the __________.
British musician, ____________ was the "King of Skiffle" .
(T/f) The Beatles were able to change music history through all facets: musical style, fashion and social behavior.
The four albums of The Beatles' ________ period feature a pop style, love songs, cover tunes, a driving beat and up-tempo dance numbers.
The Beatles' Middle Period features more acoustic/folk elements and the influence of folk singer ____________.
In the Beatles' _________ period an introspective style emerges, each Beatle's individuality becomes more evident and social statements are included in their songs.
The Beatles' _______ period features the use of studio techniques and the music becomes even more individualized, features more artistic composition and added instrumentation, and is drug influenced.
The Beatles' producer ___________ has been referred to as the Fifth "Beatle".
Folk singer ________ is the most important American contributor to rock music and the first poet of the mass media
The first album of Bob Dylan's acoustic period was ____________. It was his most overt protest album and the title track (of the same name) became an anthem for frustrated youth.
The Times They Are A-Changin
Dylan's electric music illustrates his wit and was a catalyst for the drug culture and the anti-_____________ movement.
Bob Dylan's electric band went on to form The Band (Robbie Robertson, Levon Helm). Together, Bob Dylan and The Band they set the scene for _____________.
Bob Dylan shows that folk IS ________ with his fusion of country, folk, blues, rock & roll and poetry both ancient and new
Critics considered the song ______________ to be Bob Dylan's magnum opus
Like a Rolling Stone
The song _____________, featuring rapid-fire lyrics, was Bob Dylan's first Top 40 hit and one of Dylan's first electric pieces.
Subterranean Homesick Blues
Art Rock is a blending of classical music with rock. Some characteristics include:
Use of odd meters
References to mythology
Frequent mood/tempo changes
Viewed by the "rock purist", art rock is an attempt to legitimize rock music and to broaden the market of listeners of rock music. __________ was a revolt against Art Rock music.
Pete Townsend of ____________ wrote the rock opera Tommy.
Days of Future Passed by art rock band __________ is programmatic music that paved the way for other art rock bands.
The Moody Blues
Pink Floyd founding member Syd Barrett played a major role in the musical and stylistic direction of the group's early work. Their album __________ was partly inspired by Barrett's deteriorating mental state.
The Dark Side of The Moon
Frank Zappa was a satirist with a wicked sense of humor and absurdity. Frank Zappa's music combines an understanding of and appreciation of:
20th Century Composers: Stravinsky, Stockhausen, Varese
Late-'50s doo-wop rock & roll
Social satire and stinging wit
Guitar-heavy rock and R & B
Collages of many styles
Detroit rocker ___________ is known as The "Godfather of Punk Music". His early group was The Stooges.
Detroit Proto-Punk never quite fit into the mainstream rock & roll of the late '60s and early '70s but sowed the seeds for the punk revolution of the late '70s. Proto-punk band __________, led by John Sinclair, essentially laid the foundations for the emergence of punk.
Motor City Five/MC5
Detroit rocker __________ is the Father of Shock-Rock. He was influenced by comic book stories & RKO horror movie shows.
Punk returned rock & roll to the basics- three chords and a simple melody. In America, punk remained an underground sensation while in ________, it was a full-scale phenomenon.
The iconic nightclub________ in New York's bowery was an important venue for punk and new wave bands.
New York proto-punk band _________ is known as the key touchstone to punk and new wave. They combined music and art and had an important association with Andy Warhol.
The Velvet Underground
The album- The Velvet Underground & Nico (1967) featured _____'s use of sing-speak vocals and gripping narratives and helped define street savvy rock & roll.
Richard Hell was one of the original punk rockers to emerge from New York City in early/mid 70's. His band _______ was one of the most creative bands to emerge from N.Y.'s punk scene.
Patti Smith improvised lyrics that reflected life in New York combining '60s garage rock with the literary writing styles of Rimbaud, Burroughs and Ginsberg. Referred to as _________, her album Horses (1975) anticipated new wave music with a hybrid of classic rock and post-Beat poetry.
the Godmother of Punk
NY punk band _______ remain the most popular of punk bands. Labeled "Bubble gum punk", they crystallized the musical ideals of the genre and cut rock & roll down to its bare essentials.
Punk was brought to the U.K. by the Sex Pistols manager _________.
Iconic punk band _________ were an anti-British group that represented young bored Brits and rebelled against the staunch upper class.
The Sex Pistols
The lyrics of the Sex Pistols' song _________ contain gleeful snotty name-calling, declare the royalty ineffectual and irrelevant, and pose Britain as a country in decline, ignoring the bleak times ahead.
God Save the Queen
British punk rockers _______ mixed music and politics. Their music, had a strong Jamaican (Reggae) influence mixed with punk rock. They struggled to find their identity and fill the gap left by the disbanded Sex Pistols.
__________ was a term introduced to give punk rock a new name with less negative connotations
New Wave band __________ were produced by electronic music artist Brian Eno and represented minimalism with simple repetitive patterns.
The Talking Heads
New wave band __________ from Akron Ohio produced machine-like, repetitive, robotic sounds with clipped vocals. Showing no emotion, they remained a cult act
__________ was/were a new wave British trio influenced by reggae, punk, soft rock and jazz. Because of their catchy melodies and hooks, their music succeeded in U.S. airplay.
New wave band __________ are from Athens, Georgia. Their style features dance rhythms and the flat, ironic voice of their lead singer. They maintain a cult following and put on a fun stage show with kitschy beehive hairdos.
The __________ label covers the gamut of styles that came out of the punk aesthetic including hardcore, alternative, grunge and pop-punk.
The style of Irish rock band __________ with lead singer Bono features a kind of "new-agey" sound with swirling layers of music, ringing guitars, and social and political lyrics.
Hardcore punk bands like Black Flag and X are a direct link to 70s punk and alternative rock. Their style features:
Hyperactive guitar banging
Lyrics expressing disillousionment
Boston band The Pixies laid the musical foundation for ________. One of the defining features is the use of a soft verse alternating with a hard rocking chorus
Seattle band __________ with lead singer Kurt Cobain brought northwest grunge to a national audience.
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