47 terms

Chapter 1 Alien Encounters: Europe in the Americas

Columbus and other early explorers searched for a direct all-water route to Asia because they
hoped to gain easier access to highly valued Asian goods
The map "European Voyages of Discovery" depicts the 1497-1499 journey around Africa by which of the following?
de Gama
Prince Henry the Navigator of Portugal was noted for
improving and codifying navigational knowledge in order to find a route to Asia
When Columbus landed in America, the chief reason that he thought he had landed in "the Indies" was
his firm belief that he had sailed far enough westward to reach them
By the treaty of tordesillas (1494) spain had authority to exploit all of
North and South America except Brazil
Your textbook describes Spain's American empire as
trying to implant spanish civilization and introduce christianity but also committing unprovoked aggression
in the 1670's thousands of pueblo rebelled to drive the
spanish from new mexico
when discussing the question of the terrible decimation of the native american peoples after 1500 your text concludes that most deaths resulted from
european diseases
the exploration and exploitation of the americas in the sixteenth century was dominated by
one of the major reasons the Protestant reformation succeeded was that
the catholic church was beset by papal luxury and bureaucratic corruption
the king who brought the Protestant reformation to England by declaring himself head of the english church in order to divorce his first wife was
henry viii
the bold captain encouraged by queen Elizabeth i to plunder spanish merchant ships on the high seas was
martin Frobisher
Spain could no longer block english entry into the new world because of the
english destruction of the invading spanish armada
in arguing for royal assistance for english colonization, Richard hakluyt stressed the
military advantages of building forts to threaten spanish treasure fleets
according to your text the organizing force in the effort to found english colonies came from
merchant capitalists
the earliest british colonies were initially financed by
joint-stock companies
the most direct motive of the London company in securing its charter was
making money
a serious problem in the early years of jamestown was the
lack of pioneering skills among the settlers
the eventual success of the Virginia settlement depended largely upon the
cultivation of tobacco
initially the Powhatan native americans reacted to the Virginia colonists by
helping them survive
between 1606 and 1622 the London company which established the Virginia colony
sent out thousands of settlers, more than half whom died
in 1624 the charter of the London company was
puritans objected to the way queen Elizabeth i's bishops interpreted the protestant doctrine of predestination because the bishops argued that
the morality of individual behavior on earth had no effect on god's decision about a person's salvation
the pilgrims let England primarily because they
wanted to establish a colony where everyone could have freedom of religion
the mayflower compact was an early example of the idea that
a society should be based on a set of rules chosen by its members
the religious dissenters who established plymouth colony were the
many puritans left England around 1630 to settle in Massachusetts bay because
anglican cleric William laud was removing ministers with puritan sympathies and tightening his centralized control of the church
according to the leaders of the Massachusetts bay colony the inspiration for their organization stemmed from
the divine
the first governor of the Massachusetts bay colony was
john Winthrop
the puritan commonwealth of Massachusetts bay was characterized by
practical democracy
tho whom was William bradford referring to when he described someone possessed with many precious parts, by very unsettled in judgment
roger williams
she was banished from Massachusetts for claiming that she regularly received divine insights
Anne hutchinson
in the proprietary colony, the proprietor's income resulted primarily from
annual rents from lands granted to settlers
the colony founded as a religious refuge for catholics was
the religion of maryland's colonists was
partly catholic, but a large majority were protestant
the colony whose charter was a grandiose plan written with the help of political philosopher john locke and designed to recreate a hereditary nobility and feudal society was
______ traders were most likely to see indians as essential trading partners
new york was an english colony because the English
captured the area from the dutch
the quakers' religious beliefs were based on
direct, mystical experience of religious truth
the proprietor of the colony founded as a haven for quakers was
William penn
which of the following did not contribute to the success of the colony of pennsylvania
fertile soil
except possibly for the spanish friars most europeans considered the native Americans to be
contemptible heathens
the attitude of most native americans toward their environment can be seen in the way they
diverted rivers cleared fields and built roads
one source of problems between the europeans and the native americans was the common european misunderstanding of the native americans'
desire to preserve the environment in its purest state
according to your text the cultural chasm between europeans and indians was most evident in the area of
warfare; because europeans fought in large groups to destroy their enemies where as indians fought more often to display their courage or avenge a wrong
which of the following was domesticated by many tribes to form a staple of their diet and contributed enormously to the success of the english colonies
according to your text which of the following best describes the relative impact of native american and european cultures on each other
the europeans and the indians became interdependent