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41 terms

Buddhism

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Tanha
The second noble truth, meaning desire, thirst or craving
Eight
____ number of parts to the Buddhist path out of suffering
Mara
The God of death who tries to distract Buddha from his meditation beneath the fig (bodhi) tree
Pali
Language of the common people in which the earliest buddhist texts were composed
Bodhi
Wisdom
Dukkha
Buddhist idea that all life is suffering
Dokusan
Meeting between a Zen master and student
Kshatriya
Caste that Buddha's family belonged to
Anatta
Buddhist idea that there is no ultimate reality withinn, no Atman
Theravada
Lesser vehicle, or way of the elders; focus on Buddha's teachings and meditation
Karma
Moral law of cause and effect- similar to hinduism
Mandalas
Patterned icons used in Tibetan Buddhism
Buddha
Means "to awaken"
Five precepts
Basic Moral Rules of Buddhists (similar to the 10 commandments)
Anicca
Buddhist idea that existence is always changing, "impermanence"
Cyclical
Buddhist Concept of time
Bodhisattvas
"Buddha's in the making", a buddhist who could attain enlightenment, but is motivated to help others towards it
Zazen
Form of seated meditation used in Zen Buddhism
Arhat
Buddhist title for a saint
Compassion
Greatest virtue for a Buddhist
Middle way
Buddhist path, lying between hedonism and asceticism
Dalai Lama
Head of Tibetan Buddhisim, believed to be the reincarnation of the prominent Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara.
Attachment
According to Buddhism, it is this, in regard to pleasant things, that causes much of our suffering
Sangha
A Buddhist monastic community
Mudras
Choreographed hand movements drawing on the energies of the movement, used in Tibetan Buddhism
Vajrayana
Vehicle of the Diamond; Tibetan Buddhism, emphasizes the idea that its adherents can attain nirvana in this lifetime, here and now
Nirvana
State of eternal bliss that Buddhists believe is ultimate salvation
India
Location where Buddhism Began
Dharma
Name for Buddhist Teachings
Desire
According to the four noble truths, suffering is caused by this
Mendicant
Type of life Buddha left up his wealth and luxury for
Siddhartha Gautama
Buddha's Real name
Satori
Zen Buddhist name for enlightenment
Tibet
Homeland of Vajrayana
Coan
an illogical puzzle, meant to frustrate the mind out of rational thought and thus lead to enlightenment, used in Zen Buddhism
Mahayana
Great Vehicle; largest division of Buddhism, focus on Buddha himself as a divine savior
Zen
Form of buddhism with great focus on enlightenment, developed mainly in Japan
Intention
element is emphasized in Buddhist morality as the determining factor in whether an act is moral or immoral
Samsara
Wheel of Rebirth
Roshi
Name of a Zen Buddhist Master
Four
Number of "Passing sights" witnessed by Buddha, leading to his enlightenment