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Humanities

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It is _________________ that gives evidence that the African artistic traditions of body decoration, mask-making and performance spring from ancient African roots.
rock art
Ere ibeji represent dead children, but they have marks of adulthood such as _____________________ & _________________.
elaborate hairstyles
scarification patterns
The wooden beams that project from the Great Friday Mosque at Jenne are called _________________.
torons
The thin parallel lines that cover the faces of Ife zinc-brass heads are thought to represent _________________________.
scarification
Many symbols in the art of Benin reflect the belief that the oba can what?
can mediate between the human and spirit worlds
The practice in Benin to make memorial sculptures for the shrines of royal ancestors derives from similar traditions in ____________.
Nok culture
Why is the art of Benin considered "royal art"?
Only the Oba could commision works of art in brass.
A clear symbol of the oba's power and authority seen on memorial heads are the headdress and necklaces made of ________ beads.
coral
What was the original function of almost 900 brass plaques, depicting a variety of subjects, which were made in Benin during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries?
They decorated the royal palace in Benin.
Why do memorial sculptures of the oba represent only the ruler's head?
• The head is the symbolic center of a person's wisdom and ability to communicate with spiritual forces.
Evidence of the geological changes in the Saharan region of Africa is found in vivid images of _____________seen in rock art from around 8000 BCE.
hippopotamus, elephant, and other wildlife
The technical skills of the Nok culture in western Sudan are demonstrated by their use of _______to make the earliest known sculpture in sub-Saharan Africa.
terracotta
What characteristic feature appears in Nok sculptures of human figures and animals
triangular D-shaped eyes
Africans make figures emphasizing health and well-being to encourage the birth and growth of __________.
children
To communicate with __________ many African societies rely on a diviner.
spirits
In Yoruba tradition, honoring a deceased __________ by creating a beautiful dwelling place for its spirit represents hope for the future, for survival, and for prosperity.
• twin
When first carved, nkisi nakonde are __________, but then gain power through use.
• neutral
The __________ care for a spirit spouse in hopes that life unfolds more smoothly.
• Baule
Kuba funerary rites involve the performance of masquerade figures assuming roles associated with _______________.
• male and female
The Kuba people produce elaborate and sophisticated arts tied to __________.
• leadership
Yoruba palaces had elaborately decorated __________.
• woodcarving
Olowe of Ise was a highly regarded __________ woodcarver.
• Yoruba
Why is the display of African masks in museums problematic?
• All of the above
In African cultures, the political use of art is closely associated with what?
• a leader's connection to the spirit world
The __________ sacked and burned the Benin Royal Palace in 1897.
• British
Why do many African cultures emphasize the importance of maintaining relationships with ancestral spirits?
• They could cause harm if they are displeased
Why might a Baule man have an image made of the spirit-spouse?
• because he has not married
What is the function of nkisi nkonde?
• It is an object that harnesses powers that will alleviate the specific problems of its owner.
What distinguishes nkisi nkonde from other nkisi?
• Specific medicinal ingredients are used to focus its spiritual powers in a particular direction.
The doors of Yoruba palaces are often decorated with _______________.
• symbolic and narrative images carved in high relief
In many African cultures, a diviner is someone who ______________.
• mediates between this world and the supernatural
The Yoruba Palace Door by Olowe of Ise (Fig. 28-17) depicts _____________.
• the king receiving a colonial administrator
(2.5 out of 3 points)
Write in your own words and answer the following question in 3 complete sentences: Explain how lost wax casting relates to two of the cultures of early Africa.
• The lost wax casting method was used in the head of oni in the Ife culture. It was also used in the benin culture when making the head of oba. These too sculptures were very important to both groups and they were considered kings so they used bronze.
Write in your own words and answer in 3 complete sentences: What is the extensive iconography of the Hip Mask in Fig. 13-8?
• WRONG - the mask were worn by certain ranking officals or chiefs. the beard shows the typical boarder of stylized mudfish. it represents peace, well being and fertility
Write in your own words and answer in 3 complete sentences: Why do we need to understand African art within the context of its use?
...
(2 out of 3 points)
Explain why Islamic religious art is aniconic. Write in complete sentences.
• Islamic art is aniconic; meaning there are no iconic figures of the prophet in the islamic art work; however that doesn't mean he isn't existing in other ways. The reason behind this is that Muhammad emptyed the the shrine of all the pagan idols leaving the cubical structure that was built by Abraham and Ishamael and then dedicated it to god. That is why there are no iconic figures of the prophet in the art.
What language is common to all Muslims?
• Arabic
What object from chapter 8 has an inscription that says "Knowledge: the beginning of it is bitter to taste, but the end is sweeter than honey"?
• Bowl with Kufic Border
In weaving, the vertical elements are called
• warps
Which of the following structures features an ambulatory?
• Dome of the Rock
The Islamic art form that is best known in the West is
• carpets and textiles
The Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain is an example of a ______________________ type of mosque.
• hypostyle
This is the plan of the Great Mosque, Kairoun, Tunisia. Identify 1, 2, 4, & 8. 07-08 Kairouan, Tunisia Plan of Great MosqueWithout Labels-72x768
• qibla wall, 2. mihrab, 4. prayer hall, 8. minaret
The first monumental use of Qur'anic inscription is to be found at
• The Dome of the Rock
What is used in Islamic architecture to reflect, add sound, and unite spaces?
• water
The first great monument to Islamic art is the
• Dome of the Rock
Islam's aniconic tradition can be traced to ______________.
• Muhammad's destruction of pagan idols in the Kaaba
The holy book of Islam is called the __________.
• Qur'an
The basic design of a mosque derived from what building prototype?
• Muhammad's home
The Muslim place of worship is called the __________.
• mosque
(1 out of 3 points)
Explain why calligraphy is an important component of Islamic art. Write in complete sentences.
• It was the primary means of expression for visual communication. It had two purposes: first, it could tell many kinds of information about an object, second, was for the beauty that was added to the object.
The wall of the prayer hall that is closest to Mecca is called the __________ wall.
• qibla
How is Islamic religious belief reflected in the art of calligraphy?
• Reading and writing the word of God are acts of religious devotion
Figurative imagery is most common in what type of Islamic art?
• small-scale paintings
What material was commonly used to produce exquisite lamps, lit from within by oil and wick, for illumination in mosques?
• glass
A(n) __________was a college for religious and legal studies.
• madrasa
Which ornamental form typically employs marble or other colorful stone?
• ablaq masonry
Like Christians and Jews, Muslims are considered "People of the ______."
• Book
The huge tower from which the faithful are called to pray is called a __________.
• minaret
The __________ is an enclosure in front of the mihrab for the ruler and other dignitaries.
• maqsura
_____________ is a blocky, angular formal script which may have developed first for carved or woven inscriptions.
• Kufic
The two basic types of carpets are ______and pile, or ________carpets.
• flat weave ;knotted
Kandariya Mahadeva temple was built by a ruler of the ______________________ dynasty in the late 10th or early 11th century.
• Chandella
What material was used to make most of the works of art and architecture seen in chapter 9 of the text?
• stone
Where would you find a yakshi?
• on the torana gate at the Great Stupa at Sanchi
What religion is associated with the statue called Ardharnesvara? Buddhism or Hinduism?
• Hinduism
. __________ are enlightened beings who postpone nirvana and buddhahood to help others achieve enlightenment.
• bodhisattvas
An amalaka is an architectural feature found
• crowning the top of a shikara
What does the dharmachakra mudra stand for?
• teaching and setting the wheel of law in motion.
List three things that a statue of a bodhisattva has that a statue of a Buddha does not have.
• First, the bodhisattvas have earspools and other jewelry while the Buddha doesn't not. Second, the bodhisattvas have intricate robes, belts, and numerous accessories while the Buddha wears simple clothing. Thrid, Bodhisattvas are of the earthly realm, the Buddha has escaped the bonds of earth, and belongs to the heavenly realm.
• earspools, or ear ornaments
• crown, or jeweled headress,
• jewelry, necklaces, bracelets
• elaborate robe, princely garments
What are mudras, where are they found, and what are the names of three of them?
• Mudras are hand signs used in Buddhist and Hindu statuary. They have fixed meanings and are used to convey information to worshipers. There are hundreds of them but the most common are: dhyana (meditation), bhumisparsha (earth touching), dharmachakra (turning the wheel of law or teaching), the abhaya (do not fear, or reassurance), the vitarka (intellectual debate) and the varada (charity or gift-giving).
Using the correct architectural terms from the list of terms from your assignment, list three features that you can see in the picture. (You cannot see some features because they are inside the temple; don't list those).
• shikhara, amalaka, mandapas, plinth.
In not less than 30 words define 'garbha-griha' (What is it? Where is it? What is its importance? Who is it important to?)
• The garbha-griha, or womb chamber, is a small room directly under the tallest tower in a Hindu temple. It is where the image of the deity is found and is the focus of worship.
Buddha or Bodhisattva?
• Bodhisattva
Which of the following statements does NOT apply to BOTH Hindu and Buddhist temples in India?
• Followers believe that god(s) inhabit(s) the structure.
What does the abhaya mudra stand for?
• reassurance, blessing and protection
Which of the following is NOT true of statues of Hindu gods?
• It must be made of metal
What Indian dynasty is famous for their fine bronze statues of Hindu gods, goddesses and saints?
• Chola
The Chola dynasty produced bronze sculptures of deities, like Shiva Nataraja, using a metal casting technique called ______________.
• lost-wax
What mudra is the Seated Sukhotai Bronze Buddha on page 777 performing?
• Bhumisparsha or calling the earth to witness
The railings that surround the Great Stupa at Sanchi (Fig. 9-8) mark a path for the Buddhist devotional practice of _______________.
• circumambulation
Choose the most correct answer.
• Borobudur
Buddha or Bodhisattva?
• Buddha
Answer in not less than one complete sentence. Look at the Shiva Nataraja bronze sculpture in your text (page 314 or the image folder), What is the significance of the drum he is holding?
• With the drum Shiva beats the rhythms of creation and destruction, life and death.
What is meant by the term "axis of the universe" and where would you find one?
...
List the three lakshanas of the Buddha that are found on the head.
• urna-curl of hair, or mole on the forhead
• ushnisha, a cranial bump, looks like a hair bun.
• elongated ears (empty ears, no ear spools)
What is the black columnar object in the middle of the picture?
• linga
What two structures, both the subjects of discussion on the first forum and pictured and discussed in chapter 9 of your text, have relief carvings of jataka tales? (Just give me the names of the two structures. Note: structures are not sculptures).
• The Great Stupa of Sanchi & Borobudur
The ushnishas of Indian Buddhas are depicted as a bun of hair on top the head, but the Sukhotai Buddhas from Sukhotai,Thailand, Southeast Asia, have a __________________ protuberance in addition to a ushnisha.
flame
Which of the following is NOT an example of one of the Buddha's lakshanas?
• the mudra
Stories of the Buddha's past lives are called _________ tales.
• jataka
Where is this structure located?
• Sanchi
Which religious monument is thought to contain remains of the Buddha?
• Great Stupa, Sanchi
Choose the response that best describes the image.
• yakshi
This Gupta period Buddha is in the Image Folder. What does this sculpture commemorate?
• First Sermon of the Buddha
What southeast Asian country produced the 'Walking Buddha'?
• Thailand
What structural form is a fundamental element of Buddhist worship?
• the stupa
This structure is for the worship of
• the Buddha
The two deer that appear on the Gupta period sandstone Buddha Turning the Wheel of Dharma (Image Folder) signify
• The deer park
This Buddha has his hands in the ______________________ mudra.
• dhyana (meditation)
What would be circumambulated?
• stupa
Where did the Buddha give his First Sermon?
• Sarnath
Which symbol is NOT used to represent the Buddha?
• a linga
A yakshi is the personification for?
• Fertility and vegetation
Who presides over the Pureland?
• Amida Buddha
The telescope, seen in the woodblock print "Flowers of Beauty in the Floating World" was introduced to Japan by the
• Dutch
The first subjects of ukiyo-e were
• Kabuki actors and courtesans
The 12th century Tale of Genji handscrolls are painted in Japanese style called ____________________.
• yamato-e
Who was the greatest kami of them all?
• Amaterasu
List three advantages of making a sculpture using the joined-block techique.
• reduction of splitting and cracking
• standardization of body proportions
• allowed carvers to specialize
What are the characteristics of Muromachi period Zen ink paintings? Write in complete sentences.
• The characteristics of Muromachi Zen ink paintings are the use of monochromatic ink, in black and diluted greys; the landscape as subject matter that include rocks, trees and water; the presence of emptiness or a void, and having a lonely serene, and poetic feeling.
The production of woodblock prints combined the expertise of the _________________, the ____________________, and the _______________________.
• artist
• carver
• printer
The term 'raku' refers to
• A type of hand-built, low-fired ceramic
Which of the following is the best example of wabi and sabi?
• Mount Fugi Teabowl
Which word means "dried-up mountains and water?"
• karesansai
In the 12th century Tale of Genji handscrolls sadness and happiness was often conveyed by
• plants
Which building at the Horyuji compound contains Buddhist works of art and is used for worship and ceremonies?
• Kondo
The most significant surviving Japanese temple to Buddhism is
• Horyuji
The two most famous ukiyo-e printmakers of the Edo period were
• Katsushika Hokusai and Utagawa Hiroshige
The social and economic changes of the Edo period saw _________ become active patrons of the arts.
• merchants
What feature of Jocho's sculpture of Amida Buddha at Byodoin is distinctively Japanese?
• joined-block construction
The counterculture of the Edo Period produced ukiyo-e whose subject matter depicted Yoshiwara ________.
• brothels
The Shrine at Ise is devoted to this major Shinto deity (One-word answer).
• Amaterasu
The original source of the form for the main sanctuary at Ise is thought to be
• granaries
The Japanese word "ukiyo-e" means
• picture of the floating world
The counterculture of the Edo Period produced works whose subject matter depicted which of the following?
• Yoshiwara brothels
The Ise Shrine is ritually rebuilt every ___________.
• twenty years
Slide Identification: Select the response that best suits the image on the screen.
How many boats are in this painting?
• three
The Edo period artist who was one of the first to develop nishiki-e was _____________.
• Suzuki Harunobu
Explain the purpose for rebuilding the Amaterasu Shrine every twenty years. Answer in no less than 20 words and write in complete sentences.
...
The Tale of Genji was written during the _____________ period.
• Heian
Landscape (Fig. 25-2), a painting by Shubun's pupil __________ illustrates well the spirit of a Zen-influenced landscape tradition.
• Bunsei
The dry rock garden in the Zen temple of __________ is one of Japan's most renowned Zen sites.
• Ryoan-ji
Kosho's portrait sculpture of Kuya Preaching (Fig. 11-14) Kosho's portrait sculpture of Kuya Preaching (Fig. 11-14) depicts six small buddhas emerging from the monk's mouth to represent his ________.
• chanting
__________ was an esteemed Zen monk-artist of the Muromachi period who traveled in China.
• Sesshu
Which structure at Horyuji (Fig. 11-4) is not entered into because of its reliquary function?
• the pagoda
Muromachi ink painting was heavily influenced by the aesthetics of __________.
• Zen
Several forms of visual art flourished during the Muromachi period, but __________ reigned supreme.
• ink painting
Although Ise is a popular site for pilgrims, only the imperial family and Shinto priests are allowed into the ________.
• inner shrine
The most famous tea master in Japanese history was __________.
• Sen no Rikyu
The only surviving painted scenes from the Tale of Genji are dated to the
• 12th. century
The two major structures inside this compound are Test Canvas: 13
• Zen Buddhism
What Edo period artist created a set of woodblock prints entitled Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji?
• Katsushika Hokusai
What structure was built to represent the Pure Land paradise of the Amida Buddha?
• Phoenix Hall
What is bronze and how was it used by the Shang? (two to three sentences)
• Bronze is a metal, an alloy of tin and copper. The Shang Chinese melted it and poured it into piece molds to create bronze ritual vessels like the yu and the guang.
What literati painting in your text is in the album leaf format?
• The painting Poet on a Mountaintop (802) is in the album leaf format.
What is jade and how was it used by the ancient Chinese? (about two to three sentences)
• Jade is a very hard stone that was precious to the ancient Chinese. They associated it with yang because it was hard and ridgid. They made ritual objects like congs and bi disks from it which were buried with the dead.
How are yin and yang expressed in Chinese landscape paintings? (about two sentences)
• Yin, the female principle, is expressed by water, and yang, the male principle is expressed by mountains.
Who was the primary audience of literati paintings?
• close friends and scholars
Which painting format was NOT favored by members of the literati?
• wall paintings
How did the literati's view of painting differ from artists who were paid for their work?
• an emphasis on art as personal expression
Which art form was NOT considered an accomplishment suited to the literati?
• music
A literati of the late Ming period, __________ developed significant and far-reaching theories on the state of Chinese painting.
• Dong Qichang
What were bi disks made of?
• jade
__________ painted The Rongxi Studio (Fig. 24-3), using a dry brush technique.
• Ni Zan
A treasured scroll often bears not only the __________ of its maker, but also those of collectors and admirers throughout the centuries.
• seal
Chinese __________are paintings that are meant to be viewed in small sections at a time.
• handscrolls
In the literati tradition, _________, _________, and _______were the three areas of accomplishment suited for members of the cultural elite.
• poetry; calligraphy; painting
The Chinese view the stamped characters or _____ that often appear on art not as disfigurations, but as additional layer of interest in the work.
• seals
What Northern Song dynasty painter use 'raindrop texture strokes' to express the ruggedness of rocks?
• Fan Kuan
The Daoist emphasis on the close relationship between ____ and ______ led to the inclusion of birds, trees and other natural motifs in Chinese art.
• humans; nature
What is a common feature of ritual objects from the Chinese Bronze Age?
• All of the above
Which of the following characterizes the viewer's experience when looking at a handscroll?
• All of the above
What one element distinguishes Chinese paintings from artistic traditions in the West?
• a view of nature through a distant, all-seeing, mobile viewpoint
In China, calligraphy is closely related to the art of painting and considered ______________.
• a reflection of the writer's character
(1 out of 2 points)
What is a cong?
• A cong is a form of ancient chinese jade artifact.
Write answer in two to three complete sentences. Describe a handscroll and explain how they were viewed.
• Hand scrolls are an Asian format for painting. They were generally about 12 inches wide, but could be up to 40 feet long. They contained text and painted scenes.Hand scrolls were viewed by one or two people at a time who began on the right and unrolled the scroll to the left. The viewed portion was rolled up on the right.
In the piece-mold process what material was used to make the mold? (Answer in one word).
• clay
Voids, or empty spaces in Chinese art express a theme.
• Daoist
Name a specific vessel that would be used at a Shang funeral ceremony.
• Guang
• Yu
• Ding
What 'squarish' jade object was commonly found in Neolithic burials?
• cong
Many Shang bronze vessels were used for rituals and the shape of the vessel matched its function in the ritual. Therefore it can be said that the fabulous animal shape is not purely decorative. Which of the following supports this statement?
• each fabulous animal shape connected with the world of spirits in the ritual
How does the artist reflect the Daoist sensitivity of individuality in Travelers Among Mountains and Streams?
• by focusing on the mountains and minimizing the human element
The Chinese interest in landscape painting was most strongly influenced by which of the following?
• Daoist harmony with nature and poetic themes
What casting process was used by the Chinese to create bronze vessels?
Answer in two words.
• piece-mold
Briefly explain how jade was worked. Write about two complete sentences.
• Jade was worked by drilling and abrasion. The unwanted material was drilled and abraded away. Jade was too hard to carve.
Which of the following materials is commonly used in Western painting, but almost never in Chinese painting?
oil
What did the Shang call a wine mixing vessel? (One word answer)
yu
Which of the following materials were most often painted on by Chinese artists?
• silk and paper
Which one of the following represents the essence of Ming literati painting?
• Poet on a Mountaintop
The Inca used two types of stone masonry; rectangular blocks of uniform size and irregular shaped blocks called ______________.
polygonal
Both the Maya and the Aztec used the feathers of tropical birds to make garments and headdresses for the elite, but the most prized feathers came from the _____________________.
quetzal
This question is worth 5 points-write 5 points worth! Discuss at least three of the monumental structures that were built in the ancient Americas. Be sure to name the cultures and which of the three areas that are associated with specific structures.
First there is the palenque-place and temple of the inscriptions. This is the largest in mesoamerican at the pre-columbian Maya civilization site of Palenque. The structure was specifically built as the funerary monument for K'inich Janaab' Pakal. The ruler of Palenque in the 7th century whose reign over the polity lasted almost 70 years.
Second, is the tikal-Base of North Acropolis. It is located in North and Central America, Guatemala. This temple is from the mayans. It is also one of the largest archaeological sites and urban centres of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization.
Thrid, is machu Picchu. Machu Picchu was built around 1450, at the height of the Inca Empire.
The ________ people produced pipes, depicting forest animals and birds, which have been found from Lake Superior to the Gulf of Mexico.
Hopewell
The Paracas culture is best known for its beautiful __________, which were found wrapped around bodies of the dead.
textiles
Evidence of the Moche culture's sophisticated metallurgy skills are the gold-and-turquoise _________ found in the tomb of the Warrior Priest at Sipán.
earspools
The Moche culture of Peru is known for their realistic ____________ vessels, made in the shape of naturalistically modeled human beings.
portrait
The ___________ at Teotihuacan is built over a multi-chambered cave with a spring, which may have been the original focus of worship at the site.
Pyramid of the Sun
Hosteen Klah was a nadle, or Navajo third __________, and could learn both female and male arts.
gender
_______ paintings are meant to be destroyed by nightfall on the day in which they are made.
sand
Some of the finest Hamatsa masks are the work of Willie __________.
seaweed
The Pueblo artist Maria Montoya Martinez is known for the distinctive _________ceramic style she developed with her husband in the early twentieth century.
blackware
What did the Navajo find most controversial about shaman-singer Hosteen Klah's woven tapestries?
He was incorporating images from sand-paintings into his weavings
How are Hamatsu masks of the Northwestern Kwakwaka'wakw culture traditionally used?
They are worn in ritual dances
Northwest painting and weaving images are composed of two basic elements: the __________ and the formline.
ovoid
Places of honor and worship had __________ stones in Inca masonry, as seen at Machu Picchu.
smooth
The patterns and designs on Incan garments were _____________.
symbolic of the wearer's the ethnic identity and social rank
The term Inca refers to both the ruler and to the __________.
people
The __________ built an extensive road system in South America to move their armies and speed transport and communication within the empire.
Incas
The focal point of the sacred precinct of the city of Tenochtitlan was the __________.
Great Temple
Two great empires, the __________ in Mexico and the Inca in South America, rose to prominence in the fifteenth century.
Aztec
Mayan temples set atop steep pyramids with _______levels, which probably reflected the culture's concept of the underworld.
9
How did the discovery of an offering of carefully arranged figures in La Venta (Fig. 12-1) contribute to art history's knowledge of the Olmec?
It provided a context for similar figures found elsewhere
How is Andean culture distinguished from the artistic developments in other parts of the world?
the early production of textiles
The Temple of the Inscriptions in Palenque (Fig. 12-9) is built above a corbel-vaulted stairway that leads to __________.
the subterranean tomb of the ruler Pakal the Great
Which Mesoamerican culture's architecture is characterized by talud-tablero construction, where a sloping base supports a flat entablature?
Teotihuacan
Which North American culture did NOT create burial and ceremonial earthworks?
the Pueblo
The Nazca are best known for their colossal __________.
geoglyphs
How does the Mayan site of Tikal conform to the uneven terrain of the rainforest?
structures placed on high ground connected by causeways
What is indicated by the form emerging from the priest's mouth in the fresco of the Bloodletting Ritual (Fig. 12-7) from Teotihuacan?
the priest's chanted words
The ancient Olmec culture produced____________________.
all of the above
Which of the following features was shared by the different cultures of Mesoamerica?
a ritual ball game
What was the most popular loom used in South America?
The most popular loom was the backstrap loom.
In making textiles, Andean artists used a technique called _______________ to add color and design to the background cloth.
embroidery
In weaving, the _____________ is the lengthwise thread, and the ___________ is the crossing thread, woven over and under the lengthwise thread to create the weave.
warp, weft
It is hard to overestimate the importance of what artistic tradition in the development of the Central Andes?
Textiles
In making textiles, Andean artists added designs to the background cloth with a technique called _______________ (one word).
embroidery
Mesoamerican books are called
codices
What culture made chilkat blankets?
Northwest Coast
Where was the Olmec civilization centered?
lowlands of the Gulf of Mexico
Who produced a drawing of his facial tatoo when he was asked to draw himself?
Tupai Kupa
Write in complete sentences, and write 3 points worth! What are mimis?
Mimis are animated human and animal forms. These forms are also called spirits by modern Aborigines. They are seen in bark painting and Rock paintings. Mimis are spirits that live in narrow spaces between rock during the day and emerge at night.
Write in complete sentences, and write 3 points worth! What is bark painting?
Bark painting is done on the inside of eucalptus bark which is stripped from the tree in one piece. Bark paintings use natural materials. Styles that are normally seen on bark paintings are cross hatching and X-ray. Bark paintings originated in Arnhm Land and follow rock painting traditions.
Write in complete sentences. What are the four geographic areas of Oceania?
The four geographical ares of Oceania are Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and Australia.
Write in complete sentences. How did the Aboriginal artists use cross-hatching?
...
__________ prevented women from entering Maori meetinghouses.
Taboos (tapu)
The master woodcarver who created the Maori Meeting House used ________________ tools, which resulted in sharper, more defined carvings.
steel
The Maori tradition of building a large wooden meeting house evolved after _______________.
contact with Westerners
Which painting is a good example of x-ray style?
Hunter and Kangaroo
Aboriginal artist David Malangi creates his paintings using
various shades of ochre
Name two Australian artists who are known for their bark paintings.
Charlie Numbulmoore, David Malangi, and Thompson Yulidjirri
Name two Aboriginal artists who paint in the Central Desert style.
Erna Mothna and clifford possum
What theme for art do the Maori, Rapa Nui, and the Asmat have in common? Mana or ancestors?
ancestors
Maori tattoos, such as this one are called _________.
moko
This interesting object was made by the _____________ people from ______________, and represents a/an ______________________.
Asmat, Irian Jaya, ancestor
Name an example of art that exhibits x-ray style.
Kuka'ilimoku
Name a specific example of art that has mana.
Name of the artist of the painting Honey Ant Dreaming.
Clifford Possum Tjalpaltjarri
Bark painting originated in what part of Australia?
Arnhem Land or Northern Australia
New Zealand belongs to which group of pacific islands? Micronesia, Polynesia, or Melanesia?
Polynesia
What unusual feature appears in the relief carvings of ancestors covering the supporting structures of the Te-Hau-ki-Turanga meeting house (page 870, Fig. A)?
a naturalistic portrait of the artist
While today some Asmat bisj poles (Fig. 27-6) are sold to outsiders, traditionally they were____________________.
left in swamps to deteriorate
Common to Polynesian cultures are the carved sculptures called tiki, which represent ___________.
ancestors
__________ worked in sand drawing, which Geoffrey Bardon helped transform into a painted mural.
Aborigines
A hallmark of Maori facial tattoos is the use of __________.
spirals
Much of the art of indigenous Australian peoples developed ________________.
to relive and transmit stories about ancestors
The structure of the Maori meetinghouse __________ the sky father.
symbolizes
Feather cloaks were closely associated with the mana or _________ of members of the Hawaiian elite.
spiritual power
The word tattoo commons from a/an ________ language.
Polynesian
This drum was made by an artist named _________________.
Matjemos
Polynesian nobles and warriors accumulated tattoo patterns to increase their ________.
All of these
Identify the culture that makes and uses these objects.
Asmat
Which Oceanic culture covered the entire body with tattoos?
Marquesas
What was the Polynesian supernatural force that could inhabit people, places and objects, and could be dangerous if it became too strong.
mana
Which of the following animals was not a symbol of headhunting used by the Asmat in their art?
bunyip
All Aboriginal art is based on a unique worldview. The Aboriginal people call this worldview ____________________.
Dreaming
The Asmat live in West Papua, Indonesia which is a part of which group of islands?
Melanesia
What animals are found in the handle of the Asmat drum?
praying mantis, palm cockatoo, and hornbill
What culture made this object?
Asmat
Much of the art of indigenous Australian peoples developed ________________.
to relive and transmit stories about ancestors
The creation of all Polynesian art is considered __________________.
a sacred act
Common to Polynesian cultures are the carved sculptures called tiki, which represent ___________.
ancestors
Which of the following is NOT a form of ceremonial art created by indigenous Australians?
mural paintings