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Unit 1: Chemistry & Cells (Biochemistry)
Terms in this set (27)
Building blocks of protein.
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A biological compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that is an important source of food and energy.
An abudant nonmetallic tetravalent element occuring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond.
A process in which a protein loses its native shape due to the distribution of weak chemical bonds and interactions.
A sugar consisting of two linked monosaccharide units.
A bond that connects the glycerol and fatty acid in fat molecules.
A protien that folds into an elongated shape so that it can serve a wide variety of structural functions in the cell.
A protien that folds into a compact shape so that the polar and ionic amino acids are on the outside and the nonpolar amino acids are on the inside.
A covalent bond formed between two monosaccharides by a dehydration reaction.
A weak chemical bond that is formed by the attraction of positively charged atoms to other negatively charged atoms.
An atom/group of atoms that has gained or loss one or more electrons.
A compound insoluble in water.
A larger molecule formed by smaller ones.
A compound that is the essential building blocks for a polymer.
A simple sugar that cannot be broken down into more simple ones.
This is an nonmetallic element, which is usually colorless, tasteless, and odorless inert diatomic gas.
A molecule that shares electrons equally and does not have oppositely charged ends.
An acid of high molecular weight.
The building block of a nucleic acid consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and one or more phosphate groups.
A carbon-based molecule.
The covalent bond between the carboxyl group on one amino acid and the amino group on another formed by a dehydration reaction.
A phosphorus-containing lipid found in double-layered cell membranes.
A molecule with an uneven distribution of charges in different regions of the molecule.
A natural or synthetic compound that consists of large molecules made of many chemically bonded smaller identical molecules.
A biologically functional molecule consisting of one or more polypeptides folded and coiled into a specific three-domensional structure.
A chemical substance that's two parts hydrogen, one part oxygen.
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