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78 terms

Kaplan Hard Words

Week 1 #1-200
STUDY
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itinerant
wandering from place to place
lilliputian
very small
fulsome
abundant; flattering in an insincere way
ingratiate
to gain favor with another by deliberate effort (you ____(gain favor) with someone), to seek to please somebody so as to gain an advantage
interlocuter
one who takes part in a conversation
lecherous
lustful
intractable
not easily managed, stubborn
maverick
an independent individual who does not go along with a group
abnegate
to give up, to deny to oneself
loquacious
talkative
inquest
an investigation, an inquiry
inchoate
being only partly in existence, imperfectly formed
atavistic
characteristic of a former era, ancient
ersatz
being an artificial and inferior substitute or imitation
concomitant
simultaneous, existing concurrently, accompanying, attending
circumvent
to go around, avoid
continence
self-control, self-restraint
facetious
witty, humorous
mordant
biting and caustic
bucolic
pastoral, rural
abrogate
to abolish, usually by authority
grotto
a small cave
libertine
an "overly-free" thinker (a term usually used disparagingly, bad connotation), one without moral restraint
macabre
having death as a subject, dwelling on the gruesome
disingenous
crafty, insincere, misleading
impute
to lay the responsibility or blame for(you ___ on someone), often unjustly
mores
fixed customs or manners, moral attitudes
malediction
a curse, a wish of evil upon another
interregnum
a temporary halting of the usual operations of government or control, time between rulers
impugn
to call into question, to attack verbally
excoriate
to criticize/disapprove of strongly
non sequitur
a statement that does not follow logically from anything previously said, a reply that has no relevance to what preceded it or does not logically follow
mellifluous
having a smooth, rich flow
importunate
troublesomely urgent; extremely persistent in request or demand
aver
to declare to be true, to affirm
enjoin
to order with emphasis; to forbid; give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority
lampoon
to ridicule with satire (irony, sarcasm)
impassive
absent of any external sign of emotion, expressionless
furlough
a leave or absence, especially granted to a soldier or a prisoner
kismet
destiny, fate
calumny
a false and malicious accusation, misrepresentation, an abusive attack on a person's character or good name
obdurate
stubbornly persistent, resistant to persuasion
impudent
marked by cocky boldness or disregard for others
insensate
lacking sensibility and understanding, foolish
blasphemous
cursing, profane, showing contempt for sacred things
declaim
to speak loudly and vehemently (intensely)
chary
watchful, cautious, extremely shy
espy
to catch sight of, glimpse
malapropism
the accidental, often comical, misuse of a word
incipient
beginning to exist or appear; in an initial stage
apostate
one who renounces a religious faith
captious
marked by the tendency to point out trivial faults; intended to confuse in an argument
incarnadine
red, especially blood red
irreverent
disrespectful in a gentle or humorous way, lacking proper respect or seriousness, satirical
geretical
departing from accepted beliefs or standards, oppositional
onus
a burden, an obligation
inveterate
firmly established, esp. wrt a habit or attitude
febrile
feverish, marked by intense emotion or activity
imperious
commanding, domineering; urgent
censorious
critical, tending to blame and condemn
histrionics
deliberate display of emotion for effect, calculated exaggerated behavior
mawkish
sickeningly sentimental
intimation
a subtle and indirect hint
internecine
mutually destructive, equally devastating to both sides
discomfit
to make one lose one's composure, ***to frustrate, thwart, or defeat; to confuse, perplex, or embarrass
eschew
to shun, to avoid (as something wrong or distasteful)
largess
(n) generous giving (usually money) to others who may seem inferior
junta
a small governing body, esp after a revolutionary seizure of power
flout
to scorn, to disregard with contempt
aplomb
self-confident assurance, poise
imprecation
a curse
opine
to express an opinion
megalomania
obsession with great or grandiose performance
obstinate
unreasonably persistent, uncompromising, stubborn
irascible
easily angered, hot-tempered
equivocate
to avoid committing oneself in what one says, to be deliberately unclear
apprise
to give notice to, to inform
milieu
surroundings, environment