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Comm. 201 Final
Terms in this set (50)
Factors in establishing "ethos" would be:
Appropriate appearance (especially facial expressions), effective delivery, ethical, accurate content, and trust worthy attitude
The Greeks called emotional appeals:
A specific purpose statement:
Identifies exactly what you hope to accomplish
Of the following statements, which is true concerning delivery outlines?
Contain single words or short phrases rather than complete sentences, include supporting materials and signposts, include introductions and conclusion in much shortened form, and use standard outline form
Effective eye contact:
Opens communication between speaker and audience, makes an impact, deliver opening sentences looking at audience, establish person-to-person contact, and talk directly to your audience
Which of the following are appropriate uses of gestures?
Placing hands behind your back, holding up two fingers, and using both hands at one time
A study by Allen H. Munro suggest that audience members equate effective public speaking with:
Which of the following are characteristics that audiences like in speakers:
Direct eye contact, enthusiasm, pleasant voice, and physical activity
The type of reasoning that takes specific facts and then makes a general rule is called:
Which of the following are true about delivering a speech?
Walk calmly and confidently to the front of the room, smile naturally, concentrate on your message and audience, and deliver your speech in in a conversational style
Comparing two different things to make a creative general point (not to directly prove something) is called:
What are the forms of propaganda?
Name calling, bandwagon, half truths, card stacking, testimonials, transfer, soft soap, fancy figures, word magic, and emotional appeals
Which of the following are demographic features of audience analysis?
Age, socioeconomic background, ethnic background, religion, and education levels
Which of the following is true about deductive reasoning?
Starts with a general statement and proceeds to a specific conclusion
When facing an audience in which many members are probably resistant to the main idea of her/his speech; a persuader should NOT:
Try to create cognitive dissonance among resistant audience members
(Text) Which of the following is true about the Toulmin model of argumentation:
A warrant is the specific argument being advanced
(Text) Which of the following are true about the benefits of using visual aids:
Clarity of information is increased, audience retention is increased, speaker credibility is increased, and speaker anxiety is reduced
When delivering an impromptu speech:
Think of the speech as a conversation with the audience
(Text) Which of the following are guidelines for constructing and using visual aids?
Size, clarity, colors, neatness, correct spelling, simple to handle, attractive, appropriateness, quantity, showing the visual aid, talking to it, bringing it, practice using, and the setup
(Text) What type of reasoning argues that because one event follows another event the second event must be a direct result of the first event and show evidence of a link between two events?
Choose the most effective and creative attention getter for a speech about the need to take risks in life:
"Robert F. Kennedy once said that 'Only those who dare to fail greatly can ever achieve greatly.'"
Choose the most reasonable and effective statement:
Today I want to discuss with you one of the most controversial issues in our society today - abortion - and tell you why I believe that reasonable people can come together to find other ways to prevent and deal with unwanted pregnancies
What are the questions to ask in evaluating evidence?
How relevant is the evidence to the topic?, How recent is the evidence?, How clear is the evidence?, How reliable is the evidence?, How proximate is the evidence to your audience?
"In developing my topic, I will discuss the history of civil rights in America, then discuss the lingering problems of racism today, and finally try to project into the future to see if current politics will create racial equality in the future." Which function of an introduction does this sentence fulfill?
Forecast or preview of organization
Which of the following are usual functions of the conclusion?
A transition to forewarn the audience that you're about to end, to specify what the audience should do, and to end the speech in a memorable upbeat manner
Which of the following are NOT true about speech delivery?
Maintain one facial expression, plan out all specific details of gesturing, eyes should stay on notes to avoid losing place, and movement should be random
Your eye contact should:
Look at audience most of the time, look specific people in the eyes, move gradually back and forth across the audience, and only briefly glance at notes
Chronological refers to:
The 3rd step in the Monroe Motivated Sequence is:
Which of the following are things to consider when persuading with emotion?
Help your audience visualize what you're describing with concrete examples and language, use appropriate strong language, keep your nonverbal behavior very neutral and emotionless, use ethical emotion appeals, and make logical appeals that will linger after the emotions have calmes
A series of half-truths
Evidence that establishes the validity of conclusion or assertion
Strategies to manipulate the feelings of the audience (using pathos)
Claiming that because 1 thing followed another, the 1st thing caused the 2nd
Post hoc fallacy
Sense of disorientation preceding an attitude change
Shared beliefs or interests that create a foundation for mutual understanding
Making a conclusion without enough examples to support it
Process of changing or reinforcing attitudes, etc.
Process of drawing a conclusion from evidence
Encouraging people to do something because "everybody is doing it"
Show how things are different
Clearly states the response that a speaker wants from an audience
Links a person, object, or idea with some positive image
Visual aids that don't change
An example that hasn't actually occurred but possibly could happen
A longer example that provides background and specific details
Use of a quotation or paraphrase
Use of a number to express an idea or fact
Visual aids that change (none of these)
A judgement about or a viewpoint of something
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