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33 terms

Chapter 9

the Industrial Revolution
Extreme inequality of resources in the world was initiated by
the maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural dominance over a people by a foreign power for an extended period
The continuing dependence of former colonies on foreign countries is called
world systems analysis
a historical and sociological approach to political economy with a belief in the importance of interdependency and the global system structure and connected processes.
Conflict perspective
In Immanuel Wallerstein's view, the global economic system is divided between nations that control wealth and nations from which resources are taken. This view is called
core nation
a nation that along with its multinational corporations controls and exploits noncore nations' economies.
Semiperipheral nation
a nation that has a marginal economic status would be referred to as a nation at the
periphery nation
poor and developing nations are on the
According to the world systems analysis, which type of nation is relatively independent of outside control?
Dependency theory
an approach which contends that as developing countries make economic advances, they remain weak and subservient to core nations
conflict perspective
When viewing the global economic system, sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein draws on the
Interactionalist perspective
Which sociological perspective would most likely compare the relationship between a colonial nation and the colonized people to the relationship between the dominant capitalist class and the proletariat class?
The worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas is known as
In the weeks immediately following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the far- reaching economic repercussions began to affect businesses and workers worldwide. This phenomenon can best be explained by
multinational corporations
Commercial organizations headquartered in one country that own or control other corporations or subsidiaries throughout the world are referred to as
entire nations
The value of sales of the largest multinational corporations exceeds the total value of goods and services of many
Functionalist perspective
Which sociological perspective would be most likely to suggest that multinational corporations help create social stability within a society by creating jobs and global enterprise?
Conflict perspective
Which sociological perspective would be most likely to suggest that multinational corporations exploit local workers to maximize profits?
have a large pool of cheap labor
Conflict theorists contend that multinational corporations are attracted to developing countries because developing countries
Millennium Project
The project sponsored by the United Nations to eliminate extreme poverty worldwide is called the
The process by which a society moves from traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed societies is called
Wendell Bell
Which sociologist has noted that modern societies tend to be urban, literate, and industrial, with sophisticated transportation and media systems, and families in such societies are organized within the nuclear family unit rather than the extended family model?
ethnocentric bias.
Sociologists are quick to note that terms such as "modernization" and "development" contain a(an) ethnocentric
The notion that peripheral nations move from having traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed nations is known as
Functionalist perspective
Modernization theory—as a explanation on global inequality—would fall under which sociological perspective?
Which group is at the top of the color hierarchy in Mexico?
The impoverished majority in Mexico are referred to as the
the borderlands
The area of common culture between Mexico and the U.S. is referred to as
Foreign companies that establish operations in Mexico yet are exempt from Mexican taxes and are not required to provide insurance or benefits for their workers are known as
Conflict Perspective
Which sociological perspective would be likely to suggest that the existence of unregulated maquiladoras in Mexico has led to the exploitation of workers with jobs that lack security, possibilities for advancement, and decent wages?
Earnings that immigrants to the U.S. send back to their families in Mexico are referred to as
Conflict perspective
Which perspective would study how "welfare scapgoating" ignored federal handouts to individuals and families?
Corporate Welfare
The tax breaks, bailouts, direct payments, and grants that the government gives to copropoations are called: