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50 terms

Chapter 11

STUDY
PLAY
Nancy Finely
did fieldwork on women in the roller derby
gender roles
refers to expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males and females?
Gender roles
Expecting women to be nurturing is an example of
socialization
The mass media, religious institutions, and educational institutions play an important part in gender-role ___________ in the U.S.
as passive and in need of strong male caretakers
Research on children's books published in the U.S. in the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s indicates that female characters were portrayed
it makes no difference whether it is the mother or the father
In a nationwide survey, 69 percent of respondents believed that if one parent stays home with children,
38
For every one stay-at-home dad there are _____ stay-at-home moms.
57
A small body of scholarship suggests that traditional gender roles may be disadvantageous to men in that by 2006, women accounted for over ______ percent of college students nationwide
R.W. Connell
discussed the concept and coined the term "multiple masculinities?"
do not match
In a transgendered person, the gender and physical identity
multiple masculinities
The belief that men play a variety of gender roles, including a nurturing-caring role and an effeminate-gay role, in addition to their traditional gender role of dominating women, is called
Functionalist perspective
Which sociological perspective would hold that gender roles are necessary to keep the family in balance?
Feminist perspective
Which sociological perspective would hold that gender roles assist in keeping women oppressed within the family structure?
Instrumentality
Which term is used by Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales to refer to an emphasis on tasks, a focus on more distant goals, and a concern for the external relationship between one's family and other social institutions?
Expressiveness
Which term is used by Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales to refer to concern for the maintenance of harmony and the internal emotional affairs of the family?
women
According to Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales, the expressive role is performed by
functionalist perspective
Although it does not explicitly endorse traditional gender roles, which sociological perspective implies that dividing tasks between spouses is beneficial for the family unit?
Conflict perspective
Which perspective suggests that men may originally have become powerful in preindustrial times because their size, physical strength, and freedom from childbearing duties allowed them to dominate women physically, but in contemporary societies such considerations are not so important?
a reflection of the subjugation of one's group by another
Conflict theorists would view gender differences as
proletariat
Using an analogy to Marx's analysis of class conflict, conflict theorists would argue that women are in a position comparable to that of the
inevitable
Some radical feminist theorists view the oppression of women in male-dominated societies as
Conflict perspective
Which sociological perspective has had the most influence on the creation of the feminist perspective?
Friedrich Engles
Who argued that women's subjugation coincided with the rise of private property during industrialization?
Functionalist & Conflict perspective
Although male dominance in cross-sex conversations is an example of a microlevel analysis, it is also a reflection of macrolevel relationships. Which two sociological perspectives would focus on the macrolevel forces that influence these male-female conversations?
Interactionist
Which sociological perspective emphasizes that patterns of male dominance in cross-sex conversations that express themselves in day-to-day exchanges represent one more battleground in the struggle for gender equality as women try to get a word in edgewise
Interactionist
Educators are concerned about the reasons girls and young women are affected by the verbal dominance of males in classroom settings. Which sociological perspective would be most likely to address this issue?
Matrix of dominiation
Which term refers to the convergence of social forces that contributes to the subordinate status of poor non-White women
Patricia Hill Collins
coined the term "matrix of domination."
Gender, race, and social class
Which social concepts or categories would most likely be included in the matrix of domination?
sexism
The ideology that one sex is superior to the other is known as
institutional discrimination
The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals or groups that results from the normal operations of a society is known as
Institutional discrimination
A scientific company company lays off employees by seniority. The majority of the female employees had been hired in the last 10 years and were educated as part of the push to get more females into math and sciences. This is an example of
hijab
a variety of garments that allow women to follow guidelines of modest dress
France
Which Western European country has banned the wearing of the hijab in public schools?
61
According to the textbook, ___ percent of married mothers with children under the age of six are in the labor force today.
66
According to the textbook, ____ percent of single mothers with children under the age of six are in the labor force today.
32
percent of all physicians in the U.S. are women.
men
In Great Britain, 90 percent of nurses are
99
What percentage of all dental assistants are women?
Glass ceiling
An invisible barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified individual in a work environment because of the individual's gender, race, or ethnicity, is called
they are more encouraged to become administrators
Though male nurses, male grade school teachers, and male librarians may experience some scorn in the larger society, within the position
Glass escalator
Which term refers to an advantage that men have when employed in female-dominated occupations?
second shift
the double-burden of working outside the home, followed by childcare and housework, which many women face and few men share equitably
feminism
The belief in social, economic, and political equality for women is referred to as
Nineteenth amendment
Which constitutional amendment gave women the right to vote in national elections?
1920
In what year did women win the right to vote in national elections?
25
57 percent of women considered themselves feminists in 1987. What percent considered themselves feminists in 2001?
1973
In what year did the Supreme Court rule in favor of allowing women the right to terminate a pregnancy?
40
. Sixteen million abortions are performed illegally worldwide each year. This represents ____ percent of the total amount of abortions performed worldwide each year.
conflict perspective
The __________ views the closure of clinics that would perform abortions in rural areas as another instance of an extra financial burden and possible deterrent for lower income women to have an abortion due to the extra expense of traveling to an out-of-town clinic as their best option.