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Texas ESL Supplement Test 154
Terms in this set (33)
The study of the sound system of a language.
The linguistic term used to refer production of the language that is longer than single sentences; the term commonly refers to conversations, but also essays and stories.
The linguistic term used to refer to the structure of a sentence, also known as grammar.
The smallest unit of language that has meaning. It cannot be divided further without losing meaning completely.
The vocabulary of a language.
The knowledge of how to use language for a range of public and private functions, including communication. Giving and receiving directions.
The study of word parts and how words change, especially forms used in conjugations and word building (affixes).
The system of the relationship between sounds and letters
The linguistic term used to refer to the meaning of words. It deals with the meaning of words in a particular context.
The variety of language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting. (formal and informal)
The smallest unit of sound that serves to distinguish one utterance from another.
Acquisition vs. Learning (Krashen)
Subconscious (happens naturally) vs. Conscious (directed)
This filter should be low (less stress) so the intake is high
ESL stages of Oral Language
Pre-production, early production, speech emergence, intermediate fluency
Cognitive Process that Facilitate Lang. Acquisition
Memorization, Categorization, Generalization, Metacognition
Students are using L1 wrongfully in L2
(Social Language) Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
(Academic Language) Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency
Helps student take-in information and understand more than they produce
Meaningful Information to student (acquisition). Making adjustments to speech so that the message to the student is understandable.
Real life things
Total Physical Response
Look the same/sound the same/ mean the same (Be aware of false cognates)
Lau vs. Nichols
Districts do not discriminate against ELLs
Castaneda vs. Pickard
ESL program must be evaluated to determine if the program is effective in meeting its instructional goals for ELLs
Allocate funds for professional development and inform parents of their right to deny ELL services
present progressive tense
continuous action, something going on now...John is driving.
simple present tense
action is repeated or usual...John drives a taxi
simple past tense
an action started and finished at a specific time in the past
present perfect tense
actions that have occurred at an unspecified time in the recent past, past experience, or a change that has happened over time...John has driven a taxi.
Canale and Swain
Communicative Competence consists of both organizational competence and pragmatic competence
Bilingual program (k - 5) if...
20 or more students in the same grade level speak the same home language other than English. Optional in Secondary.
ESL program if...
20 or less students speak a language other than English.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Review Pass the Texas Exam ESL
TExES 154 ESL Supplemental Domain III
TExES 154 ESL Supp Domain I
Texas ESL Certification Suppliment Test 154
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