Migration

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Terms in this set (...)

Migration
the movement of people across a specified boundary, national or international, to establish a new permanent place of residence.
Push and pull factors
push factors are negative conditions at the point of origin which encourage or force people to move. In contrast, pull factors are positive conditions at the point of destination which encourage people to migrate.
Voluntary migration
when the individual has a free choice about whether to migrate or not.
Involuntary (forced) migration
when people are made to move against their will due to human or environmental factors.
Refugees
people forced to flee their homes due to human or environmental factors and who cross an international border into another country.
Internal migration
people forced to flee their homes due to human or environmental factors but who remain in the same country.
Rural depopulation
population decline in a rural area. It is usually the most isolated rural areas that are affected.
Net migration
the difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration
Asylum seeker
Someone who has migrated to another country in the hope of being recognized as a refugee

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