20 terms

AP English Vocab Unit 13

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Terms in this set (...)

assail
(v.) make a concerted or violent attack on; criticize (someone) strongly
despondent
(adj.) in low spirits from loss of hope or courage; feeling or showing extreme dejection, discouragement, or depression
despotic
(adj.) of, relating to, or characteristic of a despot; tyrannical; exercising power in a cruel or oppressive way
esoteric
(adj.) intended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest; of special, rare, or unusual interest
etymology
(n.) the study of the origins of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history
gravity
(n.) extreme or alarming importance; seriousness
gregarious
(adj.) fond of company; sociable; living in flocks or loosely organized communities
intemperate
(adj.) having or showing a lack of self-control; immoderate; given to or characterized by excessive indulgence, especially in alcohol
intercession
(n.) the action of intervening on behalf of another; prayer, petition, or entreaty in favor of another
irrevocable
(adj.) not able to be changed, reversed, or recovered; final
martinet
(n.) a strict disciplinarian, especially in the armed forces; a person who stresses a rigid adherence to the details of forms and methods
masochist
(n.) a person who enjoys an activity that appears to be painful or tedious; a person who takes pleasure in pain or suffering
paradigm
(n.) a typical example or pattern of something; a model; an outstandingly clear or typical example or archetype
paradox
(n.) a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well founded or true
prognosticate
(v.) foretell or prophesy (an event in the future); foreshadow; predict
proletariat
(n.) workers or working-class people, regarded collectively; the laboring class; especially the class of industrial workers who lack their own means of production and hence sell their labor to live; the lowest social or economic class of a community
quixotic
(adj.) exceedingly idealistic; unrealistic and impractical; foolishly impractical especially in the pursuit of ideals
score
(n.) a group of 20 things (often used in combination with a cardinal number); an infinitely larger number
scotch
(v.) to decisively put an end to
sinewy
(adj.) lean and muscular, strong; tough, stringy
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