Strayer Chapter 10
Terms in this set (32)
(330-1453) The eastern half of the Roman Empire, which survived after the Western Empire was conquered by the Germans at the end of the 5th century C.E. Its capital was Constantinople, named after the Emperor Constantine.
A large and wealthy city that was the imperial capital of the Byzantine empire and later the Ottoman empire, now known as Istanbul.
A Muslim empire based in Turkey that lasted from the 1300's to 1922.
Church established in the Byzantine Empire after the split from the Roman Catholic Church in 1054; Greek & Russian Orthodox Churches descend from this.
Roman Catholic Christianity
Western Christian church headed by the Pope in Rome. Influential in Western Europe.
Written and spoken Roman language, basis for modern Romance Languages: French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and Romanian. Very influential on English after the Norman conquest of England in 1066.
They began to replace Roman provinces in Western Europe in the years of upheaval between 400 and 600. The borders of these kingdoms changed constantly with the fortunes of war.
A form of Christianity that emerged in the 5th century CE. It was based upon the teachings of Nestor who taught, essentially, that Jesus was two beings at the same time. Usually practiced outside of Europe. Was briefly very influential in China.
An old Greek city, renamed Constantinople, that became the center of the Byzantine Empire; present day Istanbul.
6th century Byzantine emperor; failed to reconquer the western portions of the empire; rebuilt Constantinople; codified Roman law.
A political-religious system in which the secular ruler is also head of the religious establishment, as in the Byzantine Empire. "Caesar over Pope."
Council of Nicea
A council called by Constantine in A.C.E 325 in order to solidify further teachings of Chrisitianity. In Nicea in Anatolia (Turkey,) the Church leaders wrote the Nicene Creed, which defines the basic beliefs of many Christian churches.
Primary language for the Byzantine Empire. Contrasted with Latin Christianity in the West, Byzantine language tended to influence Eastern Christianity. More so than in the West, Byzantine thinkers sought to formulate Christian doctrine in terms of Greek philosophical concepts.
Conflict caused by the eastern emperor's decision to condemn the use of icons in worship vs. Catholics in western Europe that worshiped icons.
Byzantine weapon consisting of mixture of chemicals that ignited when exposed to water; utilized to drive back the Arab fleets that attacked Constantinople.
A Germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul (France).
State that emerged around the city of Kiev in the Ninth century CE; a culturally diverse region that included Vikings as well as Finnic and Baltic peoples. The conversion of Vladimir, the grand price of Kiev, to Orthodox Christianity in 988 had long-term implications for Russia.
A tsarist program that required non-Russians to speak only Russian and provided education only for those groups loyal to Russia.
Charlemagne's empire; covered much of western and central Europe; largest empire until Napoleon in 19th century.
Holy Roman Empire
An empire established in Europe in the 10th century CE, originally consisting mainly of lands in what is now Germany and Italy.
A political, economic, and social system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land (serfs.)
An Italian trading city on the Adriatic Sea; agreed to help the Byzantines' effort to regain the lands in return for trading privileges in Constantinople.
Independent communities of laywomen that first emerged in Europe in the High Middle Ages. They had no rule or permanent religious vows, but they shared a form of common life and engaged in contemplative prayer or ministries of caring for the sick and poor. (role of women)
Device of the sixth century CE permitting the turning of heavy northern soils in Northern Europe, rotating crops, and increased agricultural production.
An engine powered by the wind designed to produce energy from an inexhaustible source. Adopted in Europe c. twelfth-thirteenth centuries. (technology)
An engine powered by rivers adopted in Europe by the ninth century CE. (technology)
University of Paris
Gained great prestige between 1259 and 1281 with programs in theology, law, medicine, and philosophy. First university in Western Europe.
University that emerged in England c. late 13th century.
These were a product of Nestorian Christians living in China, articulating the Christian message using Buddhist and Daoist concepts
an illiterate peasant woman in English village of Brigstock whose life gives conditions of ordinary rural people
King of the Franks, he eventually was crowned emperor of the Romans by the Pope on Christmas day, 800 CE. He tried to unite Western Europe under Christianity. He also was a brilliant military strategist who was even able to stop the spread of Islam in Spain.
German ruler who successfully subdued all the competing dukes and crushed the Magyars. Crowned emperor by Pope John XII in 962, helped revive the eastern half of Charlemagne's empire. Established an empire that would last until 1806.
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