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This is for Medical Law and Ethics Proper Terms, and Spelling (Chapter by Chapter) Written by Bonnie F. Fremgen (Third Edition)

Control Group

research subjects who receive no treatment


to find fault with, criticize, or condemn


the act of forcing out


to assert or declare without proof


the act of taking away or recalling, such as taking away a license to practice medicine


remove organs or embryos


after death

Social Utility Method of Allocation

a method of determining the allocation of organs by giving them to people who will benefit the most

United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS)

the legal entity in the United States responsible for allocating organs for transplantation

National Organ Transplant Law of 1984

federal law that forbids the sale of organs in interstate commerce


the administration of a lethal agent by another person to a patient for the purpose of relieving intolerable and incurable suffering

Nontherapeutic Research

research conducted that will not directly benefit the research subject

Institutional Review Board (IRB)

a hospital or university board of members who oversee any human research in that facility

Therapeutic Research

a form of medical research that might directly benefit the research subject

Double-Blind Test

a research design in which neither the experimenter nor the patient knows who is getting the research treatment

Human Genome Project

a research program funded by the federal government to "map" and sequence the total number of genes within the 23 pairs, or 46 chromosomes

Human Genome

the complete set of genes within the 23 pairs of human chromosomes

Gene Markers

list of genes that are responsible for disease


group of identical matching cells that come from a single common cell

Gene Therapy

the replacement of a defective or malfunctioning gene by splicing or connecting onto the DNA of body cells to control production of a particular substance

Stem Cells

master cells in the body that can generate specialized cells

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