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21 terms

Medical Law and Ethics Third Edition (Chapter Eleven)

This is for Medical Law and Ethics Proper Terms, and Spelling (Chapter by Chapter) Written by Bonnie F. Fremgen (Third Edition)
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Control Group
research subjects who receive no treatment
Censure
to find fault with, criticize, or condemn
Expulsion
the act of forcing out
Allege
to assert or declare without proof
Revocation
the act of taking away or recalling, such as taking away a license to practice medicine
Harvest
remove organs or embryos
Posthumous
after death
Social Utility Method of Allocation
a method of determining the allocation of organs by giving them to people who will benefit the most
United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS)
the legal entity in the United States responsible for allocating organs for transplantation
National Organ Transplant Law of 1984
federal law that forbids the sale of organs in interstate commerce
Euthanasia
the administration of a lethal agent by another person to a patient for the purpose of relieving intolerable and incurable suffering
Nontherapeutic Research
research conducted that will not directly benefit the research subject
Institutional Review Board (IRB)
a hospital or university board of members who oversee any human research in that facility
Therapeutic Research
a form of medical research that might directly benefit the research subject
Double-Blind Test
a research design in which neither the experimenter nor the patient knows who is getting the research treatment
Human Genome Project
a research program funded by the federal government to "map" and sequence the total number of genes within the 23 pairs, or 46 chromosomes
Human Genome
the complete set of genes within the 23 pairs of human chromosomes
Gene Markers
list of genes that are responsible for disease
Clone
group of identical matching cells that come from a single common cell
Gene Therapy
the replacement of a defective or malfunctioning gene by splicing or connecting onto the DNA of body cells to control production of a particular substance
Stem Cells
master cells in the body that can generate specialized cells