Most of the growth of the Catholic Church in America in the mid-nineteenth century can be attributed to immigration from Ireland.
By the 1850s, railroads had begun to receive encouragement from the federal government in the form of:
All of the following encouraged migration to the West EXCEPT:
construction of numerous frontier forts
Samuel Slater's contribution to the economy was that he:
opened a successful textile mill in Rhode Island
The most popular form of indoor entertainment in the first half of the nineteenth century was:
The major impetus for the huge Irish immigration to the United States after 1845 was:
a deadly potato famine
In the case of Commonwealth v. Hunt, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that:
forming a trade union was not illegal
Jackson's opponents called themselves Whigs to:
denounce what they saw as Jackson's tyrannical qualities
The Indian Removal Act of 1830:
proposed moving Indian tribes to areas west of the Mississippi River
Jackson viewed the Bank of the United States as:
a "monster" that served the interests of a wealthy few
All of the following factors contributed to the panic of 1837 EXCEPT the:
tariff of 1835, which had lowered duties to dangerous levels
After the panic of 1837, working-class Americans could expect all of the following EXCEPT:
According to "progressive" historians, Jackson:
led a vast democratic movement against the abuses of the "Monster" bank
By the antebellum period, all of the following remained significant staple crops in the South EXCEPT:
By 1860, the significance of Britain to the southern economy was based on the fact that:
Britain was a major importer of southern cotton
The focus on cotton and other cash crops has obscured the degree to which:
the antebellum South fed itself from its own fields
All of the following statements about southern free blacks are true EXCEPT:
no women were among them
Slaves living in southern cities had a much different experience than those on farms because:
they were able to interact with an extended interracial community
Why were slave women valued by slave owners?
Their ability to reproduce increased the number of slaves owned.
By the late 1820s, American ships had begun to arrive in California seeking especially to acquire:
cow hides and tallow
John Tyler broke with the Democrats and joined with the Whigs because he:
disagreed with Andrew Jackson's position on nullification
As president, James Polk's top priority was to
secure geographic expansion of the U.S., especially through the acquisition of Texas, California, and New Mexico
The main reason that the Donner Party became stranded on the Oregon Trail was:
the consequences of a succession of their own mistakes and poor decisions
What was the purpose of the Convention of 1818 signed by Britain and the United States?
to establish a "joint occupation" of the Oregon Country
Polk's nickname of "Young Hickory" most reflected his:
association with Jackson and support for Jacksonian policies
Which of the following statements about the Mexican War is NOT true?
In terms of the percentage of combatants killed, it had the lowest death rate of any war in American history.
In the mining frontier of the Far West, women often enjoyed greater opportunities than back East.
During the great congressional debate over the Compromise of 1850:
Henry Clay pushed for the compromise and national harmony
James Buchanan's great experience in public service helped him become one of the most successful presidents.
John C. Calhoun believed that the Wilmot Proviso:
violated property rights guaranteed in the Fifth Amendment
The idea of popular sovereignty:
would allow people in the territories to decide whether or not to permit slavery
President Zachary Taylor wanted to admit California as a state immediately because he:
wished to bypass the divisive issue of slavery in the territories
What was the impact of President Taylor's death?
It strengthened the chance for compromise over slavery in 1850.
What position did both the Democrats and Whigs support in the 1852 presidential election?
support of the Compromise of 1850
How did the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act impact the settlement of Kansas?
Popular sovereignty encouraged violence-prone supporters and opponents of slavery to flood Kansas.
Why did the Whig party collapse?
The strain of the Kansas-Nebraska Act pushed northern and southern members toward joining different parties.
In the 1856 election, the Democrats supported all of the following EXCEPT:
the reinstitution of the Missouri Compromise
All of the following about John Brown are true EXCEPT:
he was fanatically committed to fight to protect the institution of slavery
What did the Supreme Court rule in Dred Scott v. Sandford?
Blacks did not have citizenship and therefore lacked legal standing.
Detail the Wilmot Proviso. What impact did it have on the debate over slavery?
Proposed to prohibit slavery in the lands aquired in the Mexican wars but the proposal was defeated by Southern Senaters.
The states of the Confederate States of America seceded after Lincoln's election because:
The southern secessionists were convinced that Lincoln would move against slavery despite his assurances otherwise.
"The Mexican War may accurately be blamed for causing the Civil War because it opened new wounds between the North and South as it spurred controversy over slavery in the territories acquired from Mexico." Do you agree or disagree? Explain.
I agree, because it opened up a whole new can of worms based on territorial expansion based on slavery.
Four states joined the Confederacy after President Lincoln called on the loyal states to supply an army to put down the southern rebellion.
Lincoln responded to the fall of Fort Sumter in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
making one last offer to the South to avoid war in exchange for protecting slavery in perpetuity
All of the following were advantages the North held over the South EXCEPT:
more experienced military leaders
In his first inaugural address, President Lincoln said: "I am loath to close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection."
The Confederates were inspired to bombard Fort Sumter as a result of:
Lincoln's decision to resupply it
The paper money known as greenbacks issued by the U.S. Treasury during the war was not backed by gold or silver.
Lincoln's first cabinet:
was filled with strong leaders of better-than-average ability, several of whom had been Lincoln's rivals for the presidency
After the fall of Fort Sumter, what common hope did partisans on both sides hold?
The war would be quick, ending with one sudden bold stroke, like the capture of the enemy's capital.
All of the following were strategies used to build the armies of the Civil War EXCEPT:
kidnapping recent immigrants
After a succession of devastating defeats in 1863, why did Confederate leaders still believe they could achieve a favorable negotiated peace settlement?
They hoped that by fighting a war of attrition, war-weary northerners would eventually agree to negotiate peace.