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NUTR 370 exam 2

Terms in this set (59)

Chronic Disease:
diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and cancer are ongoing, very expensive chronic disease that plague US; no vaccine or quick cure=high cost

Unhealthy behaviors:
obesity accounts for more than 10% of US health care spending, smoking causes diseases that are costly, less than half of all prescriptions are take as directed causing 10% of all hospital admissions. Personal behavior and lifestyle affect health and health determines health care costs. Physicians can only do so much

Health literacy:
person's knowledge of anatomy, body functioning, and basic medication information impacts how they approach wellness and disease; those who don't specialize in medicine don't know much about it and healthcare professionals forget what their patients don't know

Poverty and rural living:
living in poverty affects a person's ability to get proper care as a child, leading to poor health later in life, to get off work for appointments, or find work that offers health insurance, may correlate with education and ability to understand health information, ability to afford needed prescriptions or buy healthy, nutritious food

Misinformation:
Media can be misleading, internet can help or confuse. Poor understanding leads to over-reliance on providers (not getting second opinion), under-reliance on providers, mismanaging health or disease, over-prioritizing innovation (wanting new technology when it may not be the best), over-prioritizing costs (not going when you really need to)

Health disparities:
access and quality of healthcare influenced by socioeconomic status, gender, sexuality, geography, ethnicity, language, and culture; those with chronic disease are more likely to have limited literacy. Trouble reading medication labels and understanding physicians leads to difficulty managing disease
socioeconomic factors.
HHS
the federal department of Health and Human Services, controls the NIH, along with agencies that focus on health sercies research, basic research, and public health research, among others

CMS
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services; tests new delivery and payment ststems for federal insurance programs with the goal of decreasing costs and increasing quality

FDA
Food and Drug Administration; to regulate and ensure the safety of goods affecting indivual and public health, including food and nutritional supplements, drugs, vaccines and biotechnology, radiation-emitting devices, cosmetics, tobacco products, and veterinary products

NIH
National Institutes of Health; responsible for biomedical and health-related research.

CDC
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is a federal agency that conducts and supports health promotion, prevention and preparedness activities in the United States with the goal of improving overall public health.

AHRQ
the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; is a U.S. government agency that functions as a part of the Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) to support research to help improve the quality of health care.

IOM
Institute of Medicine; is a branch of the National Academy of Sciences; it is an independent, not-for-profit org comprising academics and other healtgh care experts that produces reports on topics relevenat to the nation's health, such as childhood obesity and medical errors. Reports are commissioned and funded by a variety of sources including the federal government and private organizations

The Joint Commission
the mission of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations is to continuously improve the safety and quality of care provided to the public through the provision of health care accreditation and related services that support performance improvement in health care organizations

American Medical Association
stated mission is to promote the art and science of medicine for the betterment of the public health, to advance the interests of physicians and their patients, to promote public health, to lobby for legislation favorable to physicians and patients, and to raise money for medical education.