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Disease Review Questions Tucker/Bryant
Terms in this set (25)
Explain the difference between an infectious disease and a noninfectious disease.
An infectious disease can spread from person to person. A noninfectious disease cannot be spread from person to person.
Name three examples of infectious diseases.
influenza, Zika, pneumonia
Name three examples of noninfectious diseases.
Heart disease, cancer, obesity
Name the top two leading causes of death in the United States.
1. heart disease 2. cancer
Name four groups of pathogens.
1. bacteria 2. viruses 3. fungi 4. parasites
Name five ways that you may contact a pathogen.
1. through the air
2. food and water
3. person to person contact
4. contaminated surfaces
5. animals (zoonotic)
Name three diseases that are airborne.
influenza, chickenpox, measles
Name two types of bacteria that commonly cause food poisoning.
Salmonella and E. coli
What is a zoonotic disease?
A zoonotic disease is a disease spread by animals.
Name the most important vector of zoonotic diseases.
Name the vector for the following diseases.
b. Lyme disease
d. raccoons, skunks, foxes, bats, etc.
Many diseases that are spread from person to person contact are spread when people swap _________________ and/or _____________________.
mucus and/or saliva
Name three other body secretions (not mucus or saliva) or fluids that may spread a disease from person to person.
blood, genital secretions (semen or vaginal fluid), eye secretions
What is autoinoculation?
A person spreads a pathogen to themselves by touching their eyes, mouth nose, etc.
Name the top three most contaminated objects that are commonly used.
1. phone 2. light switch 3. shopping cart handle
Pinkeye, strep throat and Lyme disease are all caused by what type of pathogen?
Chickenpox, influenza, herpes, AIDS, mumps, measles, HPV and mono are all caused by what type of pathogen?
Name two fungal diseases.
Athletes Foot, Ringworm
Giardiasis and malaria are caused by what type of pathogen?
Giardiasis and malaria are caused by parasites.
In genetics, a _________________ is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism.
Name four important types of mutagens.
1. radiation 2. viruses 3. smoking 4. pesticides
Name four advancements that have helped control the spread of disease.
1. pasteurization 2. vaccines 3. antibiotics 4. improved sanitation
Antibiotics are used to treat ______________ infections, not _________________ infections.
bacterial , viral
Explain the difference between an epidemic and a pandemic.
A pandemic covers a much wider geographical area, and also infects many more people.
Name the pathogen for the following pandemics:
1. Bubonic plague 2. Spanish Flu 3. AIDS 4. malaria
1. Bubonic plague - bacteria
2. Spanish Flu - virus 3. AIDS - virus 4. malaria - parasite
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