Misc. Questions from Saladin reading for 1st PRQ

STUDY
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Structure that can be observed with the naked eye is called _________.
gross anatomy
The word root homeo- means
same
The simplest structures considered to be alive are ________.
cells
Which of the following is not a human organ system?
a. integumentary
b. muscular
c.epithelial
d. nervous
e. endocrine
c. epithelial
________ means studying anatomy by touch.
Palpation
the prefix hetero- means ________.
different
cutting and separating tissues to reveal structural relationships is called ________.
dissection
The tendency of the body to maintain stable internal conditions is called _________.
homeostasis
A/an _______ is the simplest body structure to be composed of two or more types of tissue.
organ
The technique for listening to the sounds of the heart valves is ________.
auscultation
A ring-shaped section of the small intestine would be a ________ section.
transverse
The tarsal region is ________ to the popliteal region.
distal
The greater omentum is _______ to the small intestine.
superficial
A ________ line passes through the sternum, umbilicus, and mons pubis.
mid-sagittal
The ______ region is immediately medial to the coxal region.
inguinal
The forearm is said to be ______ when the palms are facing forward.
supinated
The superficial layer of the pleura is called the _______ pleura.
parietal
The right and left pleural cavities are separated by a thick wall called the _______.
mediastinum
The back of the neck is the _______ region.
nuchal
The manus is more commonly known as the _______ and the pes is more commonly known as the _______.
feet, foot
The cranial cavity is lined by membranes called the ________,
meninges
Organs that lie within the abdominal cavity but not within the peritoneal cavity are said to have a _______ position.
retroperitoneal
The sternal region is ________ to the pertoral region.
medial
The pelvic cavity can be described as _______ to the abdominal cavity in position.
inferior
The anterior pit of the elbow is the ______ region, and the corresponding (but posterior) pit of the knee is the ______ fossa.
cubital, popliteal
Listening to the natural sounds made by the body, such as heart and lung sounds, is called _________.
auscultation
Histology is the study of _________.
microscopic examination of tissue specimens
Situs inversus and horseshoe kidney are examples of __________.
anatomical variation
A mass of similar cells that forms a discrete region of our body is a(n) ___________.
organ
The study of structure is __________.
anatomy
The study of function is __________.
physiology
_________ is a type of examination of the human body by simply looking at the bodies surface appearance.
Inspection
___________ means feeling a structure with the hands.
Palpation
____________ is where the examiner taps on the body, feels for abnormal resistance, and listens to the emitted sound for signs of abnormalities.
Percussion
________ and _________ both mean "cutting apart".
anatomy; dissection
The study of more than one species in order to gain insight into similarities and differences is called ______________.
comparative anatomy
____________ refers to the fine detail, down to the molecular level, revealed by the electron microscope.
Ultrastructure
Hierarchy of Complexity
organism - organ system - organs - tissues - cells - organelles - molecules - atoms
What are the 11 organ systems?
integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, lymphatic, respiratory, urinary, digestive, and reproductive.
An _______ is a structure composed of two or more tissue types that work together to carry out a particular function.
organ
A ______ is a mass of similar cells and cell products that forms a discrete region of an organ and performs a specific function.
tissue
What are the 4 primary classes of tissue?
epithelial, nervous, muscular, and connective tissue.
The theory that a large, complex system such as the human body can be understood by studying its simpler components is called _________.
reductionism
The theory that there are "emergent properties" of the whole organism that cannot be predicted from the properties of its separate parts is _________.
holism
The normal arrangement of internal organs is called ____________.
situs solitus
Approximately 1 in 8000 people are born with an abnormality called _____________ where the organs of the thoracic and abdominal cavities are reversed between right and left.
situs inversus
A selective right-left reversal of the heart is called ____________.
dextrocardia
In __________ a single organ occupies an atypical position - for example, a kidney located low in the pelvic cavity instead of high in the abdominal cavity.
situs perversus