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Politics of the United States
Ch. 12 The President
Terms in this set (17)
What are the qualifications to become president?
-Must be a natural born citizen of the United States
-At least 35 years of age
-Has been a resident for at least 14 years
What is the most common background for those who have become president?
A white, male, Protestant about 54 years of age, who usually have some experience in being a well-known government official.
Why is it possible that a candidate may win the presidency without taking the most number of votes in the election?
The electoral college system is what decides who becomes president. If a candidate wins the most electoral votes out of anyone running, but does not win the most popular votes, he or she still becomes president.
What happens when no candidate for the presidency wins the required number of electoral votes?
The election is then thrown into the House of Representatives. The president is then chosen from the three candidates who hold the most number of electoral votes. It has only occurred twice (Jefferson v. Burr, Jackson v. Adams v. Crawford).
What does the 12th Amendment do?
Required that the President and Vice President must be voted on separately. This was spurred due to the tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr in the electoral college, since there were previously two votes given to the one candidate for both the presidency and the vice-presidency.
What are the main roles of the president?
-Head of State
-Commander in Chief
What is the role of the president as a Head of State?
The ceremonial head of state. Often the queen or president. The Head of State symbolizes the dignity and majesty of the American people. The head of state conducts such activities as: decorating war heroes, throwing out the first pitch of baseball season, dedicating parks and post offices, receiving visiting heads of state at the White House, making calls to astronauts, and representing the nation at times of national mourning
What does the president do as Chief Executive?
The president is Constitutionally bound to enforce the acts of Congress, the judgements of federal courts, and treaties signed by the United States. Has the ability to issue signing statements, in which the president has deemed parts of the law or a piece of legislation unconstitutional and issue pardons. The federal bureaucracy is composed of 2.7 million federal civilian employees who aid the chief executive. The president has the power to appoint and remove cabinet and subcabinet jobs, federal judgeships, agency heads, and other lesser jobs.
What does the president do as Commander in Chief?
The president shall be the head of the Army and Navy of the U.S. and the Militia of several States when called into actual Service of the U.S. The president is the ultimate decision maker in military matters and always has near him or her a briefcase filled with nuclear codes.
What does the President do as Chief Diplomat?
The president can recognize or refuse to recognize foreign governments, makes treaties, with the advice and consent of the Senate, and to make special arrangements and diplomatic agreements with other heads of state that do not require congressional approval. The president in essence dominates foreign policy.
What does the president do as Chief Legislator?
The president must Constitutionally recommend to Congress legislation that they judge necessary and expedient. The president has the ability to propose legislation to Congress, but they do not have to pass or introduce them. The president must also act on each bill sent to him or her from Congress, to which the president can sign or veto with reasoning.
The powers of the president laid out by the Constitution
The powers of the president that have been established by law through Congress
Both Constitutional and Statutory powers. The powers expressly written into the Constitution or the law.
Powers depending on the statements in the Constitution that the executive Power shall be vested in the president and that the president should take care that the laws be executed. The most common example are those executed during wartime.
What role does the President play in his or her own party?
-The president chooses the national committee chairperson and can try to discipline party members who fail to support presidential policies.
-Patronage can occur in which the president can appoint political supporters to government or public jobs.
-The president also has the power to appoint several thousand jobs in the cabinet, the White House, and federal agencies.
-He or she also acts as a fundraiser by making appearances, speaking engagements, and other social events.
-He or she may also campaign for certain platforms or candidates, reward loyal members of Congress with support of projects, and provide tax breaks for industries.
-The president can also influence the party in a number of ways, such as requiring more Congressional support for his or her legislation before appointing federal judges that a congressperson chooses.
Why is public opinion important to the President?
A high approval rating is difficult to attain, but allows the president to persuade legislators or bureaucrats to pass legislation more easily, as opposing the president would mean opposing public sentiment. Support also increases the chance of a second term. A supportive public also makes it harder for Congress to disagree with a presidential legislation.
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
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