51 terms

Art History 3.1 words

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tuscan order
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gable
the generally triangular portion of a wall between the edges of intersecting roof pitches.
base
bottom support
podium
any of various elements that form the base of a structure, a low wall supporting columns, or the structurally or decoratively emphasized lowest portion of a wall.
terra cotta
a hard, fired clay, brownish-red in color when unglazed
stucco
a material usually made of portland cement, sand, and a small percentage of lime and applied in a plastic state to form a hard covering for exterior walls.
sarcophagus
a stone coffin, especially one bearing sculpture, inscriptions, etc., often displayed as a monument
Cista
An Etruscan cylindrical container made of sheet bronze with cast handles and feet, often with elaborately engraved bodies, used for women's toilet articles
casting
rocess in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify.
engraving
art of forming designs by cutting, corrosion etc., on the surface of a metal plate, block of wood etc., for the purpose of taking off impressions or prints of the design so formed
early empire
(27 BCE-96 CE) began with Augustus (r. 27 BCE-14 CE ) and his Julio-Claudian successors and continued until the end of the Flavian dynasty.
verism
artistic preference of contemporary everyday subject matter instead of the heroic or legendary in art and literature
pax romana
means "Roman peace," refers to the time period from 27 B.C.E. to 180 C.E. in the Roman Empire
classicism
An approach to aesthetics that favors restraint, rationality, and the use of strict forms
cuirass
a piece of armor that covers the back and chest.
composite order
a mixed order, combining the volutes of the Ionic order capital with the acanthus leaves of the Corinthian order.
aqueducts
a conduit used to convey water over a long distance, either by a tunnel or more usually by a bridge.
voussoirs
one of the wedge-shaped pieces forming an arch or vault
buttressing
any external prop or support built to steady a structure by opposing its outward thrusts
arcade
a succession of arches, each counter-thrusting the next, supported by columns, piers,
domus
was the type of house occupied by the upper classes and some wealthy freedmen during the Republican and Imperial eras
fauces
entrance hall, this is where the owner of the house would try to impress his visitors
atrium
the open central court from which enclosed rooms led off, in the type of large ancient Roman house known as a domus
impluvium
in the center of the atrium of a former house
intuitive perspective
objects are placed at an angle to the picture plane, but their linear elements don't converge at a single point.
skenographia
Greek, "scene painting"; the Greek term for perspective painting.
pilaster
an architectural element in classical architecture used to give the appearance of a supporting column and to articulate an extent of wall
dado
the part of a pedestal of a column above the base
revetment
a facing (as of stone or concrete) to sustain an embankment
atmospheric perspective
a technique of rendering depth or distance in painting by modifying the tone or hue and distinctness of objects perceived as receding from the picture plane
panorama
captured all 360 degrees of a scene
triclinium
a formal dinning room in a roman building
linear perspective
creating an illusion of depth on a flat surface. All parallel lines in a painting converge in a single vanishing point on the horizon
arena
the oval space in the center of a Roman amphitheater for gladiatorial combats or other performances
awning
a rooflike shelter of canvas or other material extending over a doorway
velarium
a type of awning used in Roman times. stretching over the whole of the cavea, the seating area in the Colosseum, to protect spectators from the elements
barrel vaults
an architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve along a given distance.
groin vaults
is produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults
cavea
the seating area in the Colosseum
spiral freeze
a plane curve generated by a point moving around a fixed point while constantly receding from or approaching it.
rotunda
any building/room with a circular ground plan, and sometimes covered by a dome.
exedrae
a semicircular recess or plinth, often crowned by a semi-dome
oculus
a circular opening in the center of a dome or in a wall
coffers
a series of sunken panels in the shape of a square, rectangle, or octagon in a ceiling, soffit or vault.
tetrarchs
any form of government where power is divided among four individuals,
porphyry
Style in which artists concern themselves with describing the exterior likeness of an object or person, usually by rendering its visible details in a finely executed, meticulous manner
nave
central part of a church, extending from the entrance to the transepts or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel
apse
a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault.
fenestration
the arrangement, proportioning, and design of windows and doors in a building
attic
a story or low wall above the cornice of a classical façade
spolia
epurposed building stone for new construction, or decorative sculpture reused in new monuments

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