powerful and lasting, especially toward authority
participation in family decision making can train a child in political competence, interaction, and participation.
unquestioning obedience relates to a role as a political subject.
establishment of ethnic, linguistic, class, and religious ties, cultural values, and directing occupational and economic aspirations also prepare for politics.
Changing role of women in the family=reflected in political recruitment, participation, and public policy.
try to shape issue preferences, arouse the apathetic, and find new issues to mobilize support.
Leaders give the public a steady flow of information on political issues
Contact voters by mail, phone, or personal visitation.
Elections are national civics lessons where parties present past accomplishments and the nation's political future.
Partisan socialization: leaders appeal to class, language, religion, and ethnic divisions while bringing their differences to the attention of the people to gain support for election.
Authoritarian gov'ts have single party, supporting common attitudes, national unity, support for the gov't, and ideological agreement by all within the nation.