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Terms in this set (118)

1. Islam began with the prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century AD.
2. Because of human rebellion from the correct way of life ("din"), God sent various prophets, including Moses ("Musa"), Jesus ("Isa") and Muhammed.
3. Muhammad was told to warn his people in the town of Mecca. Although he was reject by the majority, some followed him and moved within to Yathrib to escape persecution. The move is called the hijra. The town is now called Medina.
4. Islam is often translated as "submission" and is related to the Hebrew word, "shalom" or peace. It is entering in to a state of peace and security with God through allegiance and surrender to him.
5. Muhammad learned this when he went to Mount Hira near Mecca to search for truth. He felt God or his messenger, GABRIEL, saying RECITE ("IQRA"). What came was the Qur'an, the nonnegotiable authority in Muslim life.
6. This is considered God's complete word through his last messenger, Muhammad.
7. Because it does not cover all circumstances, the words and actions of Muhammad and his companions are commentary on what the Qur'an means. These were gathered in six collections called the Hadith or Sunna.
8. Major traditions developed that drew up law codes for life called Shari'a. There are four schools of Shari'a, and most Muslims live according to one of them.
9. Muslims divided after Muhammads death in 632. Those who thought his successor should be the most qualified man became the SUNNI. Those who thought his nearest relative, 'Ali, should be his successor became the Shi'a. Shi'a exalt their Imams, a succession of leaders.
10. Muslims believe in Allah "the ONE who is God (meaning there are no other gods). As such, all humans belong to a single UMMA or faith community. God's way of life (DIN) covers all spheres of human existence.
11. Shahada: "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger."
12. Within 100 years, Islam swept over the known world, with 1/4 of the world now being Muslim.
13. By 750 A.D. one-half of the world's Christians were under Muslim rule.
13. In its early centuries, Islam led the world in the recovery of Greek science and philosophy (algebra, alchemy, philosophy, astronomy, medicine, etc.). Since then, Muslims have viewed this as a distraction from the Qur'an and have not returned to celebrating God's creation in science.
14. Sufis draw closer to God in mystical Islam. (Their name comes from "suf," the rough wool cloak they wore).
15. Covenant is important to Jews, Christiana and Muslims. Abraham is regarded be all as the father of their faith.
16. Muslims expect to go to the Garden, a place of reward for faithful Muslims after the Final Judgment, which depends on the balance between good and bad in their lives.
17. Muslims view the Torah and Gospels as polluted and corrupted. The Qur'an alone is God's intended revelation in final form.