Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (69)
The two foundations of science are:
Observation and logic
has to do with how things are and why.
When social scientists study variables, they focus on
________ is the science of knowing
Which of the following are true of tradition and authority?
Both of the above are true (They both assist human inquiry and they both hinder human inquiry)
The three main elements of the traditional model of science are
theory, operationalization, and observation
The paradigm that accounts for the impact of economic conditions on family structures is
Which of the following is NOT a step in deductive theory construction?
identify the major concepts and variables
Paradigms can be proven true or false
Marx was one of the first social theories to publish on conflict theory. Most of his work described the conflict that was created because of
the means of production being owned by a few individuals
focus on how the female experience in society may differ from the male experience
The major finding of the Asch Experiment was:
People will follow a group even when they know the group is wrong
Which type of reasoning follows the traditional model of science. This is the type of reasoning most students are taught in middle school science classes.
Ethics in social research
all of these choices are correct
The PRIMARY ethical research issue raised by the Milgram study was:
the effects of the methods on the teacher
Weber called the lack of intrusion of the researcher's own political position on research:
When names are removed from questionnaires and are replaced with identification numbers so that only the researcher can later link a response to a particular name, the researcher should tell the respondent that the information is:
Which of the following variables would be of the LEAST ethical concern to an IRB?
Which of the following techniques of data collection is MOST likely to make a guarantee of anonymity difficult?
Professor Smith decides to track the dating behaviors of college students throughout their college careers. She decides to begin her research using her introductory class. After explaining the study, she assures students that their responses will be kept confidential. The students complete her survey during class. Her research most clearly impinges on:
The topic of surrogate mothers interested Professor Snyder. Snyder read the available materials on the topic and wanted to develop an age, education, and income profile of women who serve as surrogate mothers in the United States. To develop this profile, Snyder should undertake a(n):
For a nomothetic causal relationship to exist, there must be evidence:
of an empirical correlation between the variables, one variable precedes the other in time, and a third variable did not cause the changed observed in the first two variables
Professor King examined all the reasons given by 100 couples for their marriages. In the final research report, King listed all the reasons given by the 200 people for their marriages. Professor King is:
using an idiographic explanation for marriage
Professor Sheckler is looking to study the career trajectories of a specific group of college students, following the same individuals through their senior year and then five years afterward. What form of research methodology would he be using?
The observation that acts as a bridge between what we can measure and what we cannot(constructs) is known as a(n)?
Which of the following sequences illustrates the progression of measurement steps in a fully structured scientific study?
Conceptualization, nominal definition, operational definition, and measurements in the real world
A measurement of personality that produces observable, correct results, but that are not consistent would be considered
valid but not reliable
Which of the following is a nominal variable?
need to know the attributes of the variable to know if its nominal or not
Where should you start when you start a new research project?
a literature review
Where should the major findings first be mentioned in a journal article?
In the abstract
What is not a good way to evaluate a website you may be using for research
using a website that seems to be advocating a particular point
All of these things should be considered when deciding how to write up your report EXCEPT
The double-blind experiment is one in which:
neither the subjects in the experimental or control groups nor the experimenters know which are the experimental and control groups
Which of the following would constitute a "natural" experiment?
Doing a comparative analysis of families that choose to stay and those who choose to move out of a racially changing neighborhood to find out the underlying causes for the difference in their choices
Bias in a questionnaire item:
encourages respondents to answer questions in a particular way
Interview surveys are recommended to open with
a brief conversation
The questionnaire item, "Did you file federal and state income tax reports last year?" with a response set of yes, no, can't remember, other, is an example of a(n):
In general, survey research is:
strong on reliability and weak on validity
An advantage(s) of field research is(are)
social processes can be studied over time
Jennifer is interested in understanding the dynamics within an economically diverse high school. She interviews a wide variety of students, as well as the staff and faculty to understand how race has an effect on their education. Jennifer is using what sort of research paradigm?
Grounded theory begins with
Which of the following is POOR advice for a qualitative field interviewer?
Do not deviate from the schedule of pre established questions
Which of the following modes of observation does NOT require the researcher to intrude to some degree on whatever he or she is studying?
If we wanted to determine whether states that pass clean air legislation (no smoking in public areas) are more likely to enact laws requiring motorcyclists to wear helmets than are states that had not passed clean air legislation, the unit of analysis would be
the individual states
After examining the FBI Crime Reports for a 30-year period, Professor Hall claimed that the incidence of rape has increased. After examining the same reports, Professor Shine claimed that the reporting of rape, not the incidence of rape, has increased. This illustrates
the problem of reliability in using existing statistics
Using existing statistics, Professor Ford finds that areas with low median incomes tend to have higher crime rates than areas with high median incomes. Ford concludes that poor people are more likely to commit crimes than high income people. Ford is
Committing the ecological fallacy
Which of the following would NOT be appropriate for measurement in evaluation research?
All of these choices should be measured
Although some research indicates that the depiction of violence on TV has no effect on children, many parents still screen their children's TV selections to prevent the selection of violent programs. From a methodologist's perspective, parents probably ignore the implication of this research because
they may not understand the research and/or the research may contradict deeply held beliefs
The denominator in a per capita rate is
the size of the population
You are conducting a study of how effective a midnight basketball program is on reducing inner city juvenile crime. You measure the number of crimes reported to the police before and after the program is instituted, and you compare your findings to the crime rates in another city of similar size that does not have such a program. What sort of evaluation design are you using?
the nonequivalent control group design
Which of the following topics would be appropriate for evaluation research?
All of these choices are appropriate topics for evaluation research
Rebecca was hired to determine what types of recreational programs teenagers wanted and would use in the town of Methods, U.S.A. Rebecca was hired to conduct a
Which of the following statements about the Sabido methodology is FALSE?
The methodology has used television shows to promote literacy and family planning
Which of the following is TRUE of variable-oriented analysis?
It provides a partial overall explanation using a relatively few number of variables
Which of the following statements is most appropriate when discussing the grounded theory method?
It is similar to cross-case analysis
Which of the following is NOT one of the four stages of the constant comparative method?
All of these choices are stages in the constant comparative method
Which of the following statements is (are) FALSE regarding semiotic analysis?
Language is the only sign system of interest to those doing semiotic analysis
Computer software packages designed to analyze qualitative data includes all but which of the following:
In reading Court decisions, Professor Wofford notices that the decisions typically discuss the "rational male." Wofford begins to write notes in which she ruminates about the notion of the rational male as well as why the concept of the rational female is not mentioned. Wofford's memos are
Qualitative researchers DO NOT use the computer to
qualitative researchers use the computer to do all these choices
Mikhael is examining the symbolic elements of a standard police encounter, such as the behaviors and clues an officer encounters that could signify danger. What sort of qualitative research is he performing?
Certain guidelines should be kept in mind when coding. Among these is(are) the following:
the coding scheme should be appropriate to the analysis intended in the study.
The end product of the coding process in quantitative analysis refers to
the conversion of data items into numerical codes
An example of multivariate analysis would be
an analysis of the relationship between age, sex, and type of nightspot frequented in a given city in the Midwest
In reading a table that someone else has constructed, the rule of thumb is
if the table is percentaged down, read across, and if the table is percentaged across, read down
A friend of yours assigned a code of 1 to "male" and a code of 2 to "female" on the variable sex. Your friend asked the computer to compute the average score on sex. The computer printout contained the following information: mean=1.38, standard deviation=.43, median=1.4, and mode=1.0. You advise your friend that the best measure(s) of central tendency to report is(are) the
Given a mean of 12 and a standard deviation of 2, we can conclude:
68 percent of cases are between 10 and 14
When summarizing heavily skewed data, the best measure of central tendency is:
In a perfect normal distribution:
the mean, median, and mode are all equal
You might also like...
social research final
QDC Exam #3
Other sets by this creator
SOCL THEORY FINAL
Biology Evolution Test
Crim Test 2