Unit 3A and 3B Practice Quiz
AP Psychology practice Edmodo quiz 2
Terms in this set (50)
The central nervous system is made up of:
brain and spinal cord
Which specific part of the nervous system is most closely associated with involuntary muscle movement in organs and glands?
automatic nervous system
The brain and spinal cord are protected by a three layer membrane system known as:
When you automatically remove your hand from a hot surface due to a reaction from interneurons in the spinal cord before your brain is aware of a message it is known as a:
Neurons in the _____________ that produce acetylcholine are damaged in patients with Alzheimer's disease which results in difficulty encoding new memories.
Alana is sitting in English class and she is feeling very relaxed although she suddenly realizes her stomach making noises. Which part of her nervous systems is most specifically being activated?
What is the name for the quarter inch thick layer which comprises the exterior of the brain?
The neurological condition in which an individual has difficulty understanding the speech of other and in creating meaningful statements is known most specifically as:
The concept that the movement and sensation on the left side of the body is managed by the right side of the brain and that the movement and sensation on the right side of the body is managed by the left side of the brain is known as:
All of the following are true when the sympathetic nervous system is activated EXCEPT: (salivation is increased, pupils are dilated, increased respiration, increased heart rate, increased sweating)
salivation is increased
When Orianna pets her puppy the message about how it feels travels along a _________ nerve and the message that controls her hand is sent along a __________ nerve.
Which area of the brain is most closely associated with dreams, sleep, and facial expressions?
In which region of the brain is the medulla located?
In which lobe is the primary motor cortex located?
All of the following are true about the hypothalamus EXCEPT: (it allows individuals to determine if something their skin has come in contact with is hot or cold, it is in charge of the fight or flight response, it influences the endocrine system by controlling the pituitary gland, it is responsible for sexual motivation, it is responsible for thirst motivation)
it allows individuals to determine if something their skin has come in contact with is hot or cold
All of the following subcortical structures are located in the limbic system EXCEPT: (amygdala, thalamus, hippocampus, hypothalamus)
If during a research study a picture of a tree is flashed to the left visual field which of the following will the individual be able to do?
draw a tree with their left hand
Which brain structure is responsible for passing messages between the left and right hemispheres?
All of the following are true of the pituitary gland EXCEPT: (it is located in the hindbrain, it releases various hormones that stimulate other glands in the endocrine system, it is located in the brain below the hypothalamus, it releases hormones that start the contraction of labor and allow for breast milk production, it produces growth hormone)
it is located in the hindbrain
Unlike neurotransmitters hormones:
travel long distances in the bloodstream
Which of the following psychologists received a Nobel Prize for his work explaining the lateralization or hemispheric specialization in the brain with his research on split brain patients?
After suffering a stroke Delana is having trouble saying words aloud or producing speech. What are of her brain was most likely damaged?
left frontal lobe
Which subcortical structure is responsible for maintaining a stable internal body temperature?
All of the following are true of the temporal lobes EXCEPT: (they contain the primary auditory cortex, they contain the area responsible for recognizing faces, they contain areas responsible for pain and touch perception, they contain the structures of the limbic system, they contain the areas responsible for language comprehension)
they contain areas responsible for pain and touch perception
Where is the primary visual cortex located?
Which forebrain structure is located on top of the brainstem (above the pons)?
Damage to which of the following structures is most closely related to damage resulting in a coma state.
Reticular Activating System
If you are dosing off in class and suddenly the bell goes off, which brain structure has alerted you to this?
Reticular Activating System
All of the following sensory messages arrive at the thalamus first EXCEPT: (auditory, visual, touch/ temperature, pain, smell)
After suffering a stroke which reduce Lola's ability to move her right arm she was able to regain most of her range of motion after physical therapy. This is because other non damaged areas of her motor cortex adapted and took over the function of moving her arm in a process known as:
Which area of the brain is responsible for procedural memory or the memory for "how to" do things?
Which brain structure is responsible for keeping your heart beating and your lung muscles moving?
Which brain imaging method is most frequently used to study sleep and does not provide any information about structure?
Which brain imaging system allows neuroscientists to study specific neurotransmitters, but has limited use because it involves exposure to radioactive glucose?
All of the following are true of an MRI EXCEPT: (they can not be used on individuals with metal implants such as surgical pins, they cannot provide data about brain function, they are difficult for many individuals because they require the person to lay very still in a confined and noisy space for a long period of time, they involve exposure to radiation, they provide excellent detailed images of brain structure)
they involve exposure to radiation
Which brain imaging method allows researchers to create virtual lesions observe what happens in damaged areas without causing actual injury and is also being investigated as a noninvasive treatment for depression?
Transcranial magnetic stimulation
All of the following provide protection for the central nervous system EXCEPT: (the blood brain barrier, the meninges, the skull, the spine, phrenology)
After alcohol as depressed a person's cerebellum which of the following would be the most difficult?
standing on one foot
Tamara has injured her sensory cortex and cannot feel anything in her right foot. Which area of the cortex was damaged?
left parietal lobe
All of the prefrontal cortex is ______________ because it does not involve any motor or sensory functions.
an association area
An action potential has just sped down one of your efferent neurons in order to jerk your hand off the hot stove. Before an action potential will speed through this neuron again, the membrane of the neuron must become repolarized. The time between the action potentials is called the ______________.
Which of the following is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter?
All of the following are true of Glial Cells EXCEPT: (they fire when a person does an action and when a person observes another person doing an action, they are a type of nerve cell, they produce myelin, they provide support and nutrition for neurons, they directly surround neurons)
they fire when a person does an action and when a person observes another person doing an action, they are a type of nerve cell
Low levels of which of the following neurotransmitters is most closely associated with depression?
Which neurotransmitter is associated with mood, but also functions as a hormone involved in the fight-or-flight reaction?
The electrical charge for the fluid filled interior of a resting axon is:
Which of the following terms is most closely associated with the firing of an action potential?
Drugs that block the transmission of natural neurotransmitters are known as:
Communication within a neuron is ____________ (electrical/chemical/both) and communication between neurons is ____________ (electrical/chemical/both).
The ______ (oversupply/undersupply) of the neurotransmitter _______ results in the difficultly in initiating voluntary movements seen in Parkinson's disease.