71 terms

AP Language Terms

71 terms test
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allegory
story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning typically a moral or political one
alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds
allusion
indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary, or political significance
anidiplosis
repetition of the last word of a preceding clause
analogy
comparison between two things typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation and clarification
anaphora
repetition of a phrase at the beginning of successive clauses
anastrophe
inversion of the usual order of words and clauses
anecdote
a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person
antecedent
expression (word, phrase, clause) that gives meaning to a previous form
anthimeria
using one part of speech in place of another
antimetabole
a phrase or sentences is repeated, but in reverse order
antithesis
opposite person or thing
aphorism
statement of truth or opinion expressed in a concise manner
asyndeton
omission or absence of a conjunction
appeals
method of persuasion by using authority, emotion, or logic
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
audience
intended reader of a piece of writing
cacophony
use of words with harsh, rough, or unmelodious sounds to create a negative response or elicit negative emotions
chiasmus
grammatical constructions or concepts are repeated in reverse order
coherence
to be logical, or consistent and to make sense as a whole; helps the reader understand the text
colloquialism
a saying that expresses something other than the literal meaning
concrete terms
refer to objects or events that are available to the senses
connotation
refers to a meaning that is implied by a word apart from the thing which it describes explicitly; your own definition of a word
deductive reasoning
logical process in which a conclusion is based on the concordance of multiple premises that are generally assumed to be true
dialect
language used by the people of a specific area, class, or district or any other group of people
denotation
literal or primary definition of a word regardless of feelings
diction
choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing
didactic tone
inform or instruct reader in moral or political lessons
epiplexis
a speaker reproaches the audience through a question in order to incite or convince them
epistrophe
repetition of a word at the end of successive clauses
erotema
type of rhetorical question
ethos
appeal using credibility or authority
euphemism
mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing
euphony
quality of being pleasing to the ear, especially through a harmonious combination of words
extended metaphor
refers to a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem
figurative language
language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation
generalization
a broad statement or an idea that applies to a group of people or things
genre
type of art, literature, or music characterized by a specific form, content, and style
hyperbole
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally
hypophora
an author raises a question, but then immediately answers the question
idiomatic expression
using, containing, or denoting expressions that are natural to a native speaker
imagery
visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work
inductive reasoning
logical process in which multiple premises, all believed true or found true most of the time, are combined to obtain a specific conclusion
inference
conclusion based on the basis of evidence and reasoning
invective
insulting, abusive, or highly critical language
irony
opposite of what you expect
isocolon
involves a succession of sentences, phrases and clauses of grammatically equal length
juxtaposition
ideas, characters, or places being seen or placed close together that show contrast or comparison
litotes
employs an understatement by using double negatives
logical fallacies
flawed argument or error in reasoning
logos
used to convince or persuade the targeted audience by implying logic or reasoning
malapropism
the mistaken use of a word in place of a similar sounding one, often with unintentionally amusing effect
metaphor
a literary tool used to compare two things without the use of like or as
metonymy
substitute of name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant
motif
can be seen as an image, sound, action, or other figures that have a symbolic significance and contributes toward the development of theme
onomatopoeia
formation of a word from a sound associated with what it names
oxymoron
two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect
pacing
The speed or tempo of an author's writing. It can be affected by sentence structure.
paradox
contradictory situation which is actually true
parallelism
using elements in sentences that are grammatically similar or identical in structure, sound, meaning, or meter
parenthetical expression
word or words added to a sentence without changing meaning or grammar of the original sentence and gives extra information that is not essential
parody
imitation of the particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comedic effect
pathos
appeal to emotions
periphrasis
use of a longer phrasing in place of a possible shorter form
polysyndeton
repetition of conjunctions in close succession
satire
use of humor, irony, exaggeration or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in politics or other topical issues
simile
comparison of two unlike things using the words "like" or "as"
syllogism
deductive scheme of a formal argument consisting of a major and minor premise and a conclusion
travesty
a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.
trope
a figurative or metaphorical use of a word or expression.
zeugma
a figure of speech where a word applies to multiple parts of the sentence